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  • Created by: sampayne
  • Created on: 20-01-15 15:07
Positive effect of an audience or group of people on a performer
Social facilitation
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Negative effect of an audience or group of people on a performer
Social inhibition
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What did Triplett find? The presence of others has the following effects on performance.PTO
1) Arouses competitive drive (psychological enhancement) 2) Releases energy (adrenaline and body is more alert) 3) Increases the speed of performance (enhanced nerev transmission)
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Homefield advantage
being in a familiar environment, train in that place and especially if the game is tight by having familiarity and security there is a definite advantage to the home team
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Cottrell
Anxiety is raised by being judged or percieved judgement. Creates a hostile environment
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Proximity effect
Closer crowd/audience can motivate or intimidate a performer
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Drive Theory Zajonc
Increased arousal means increased performance. However more cognitive learners can have deteriorating performance as arousal gets too high.
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What are Bandura' four factors a coach could use to improve a performers self efficacy
Previous accomplishments, Vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, emotional control.
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Sport Confidence- Vealeys Theory
The belief or degree of certainty individuals possess about their ability to be successful in sport. He shows the relationship between self confidence and Competitiveness
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Previous Accomplishments (Bandura)
If someone has lost confidence, the best way to influence self efficacy is to remind them of previous success in the skill. As its based on their own Mastery experiences
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Vicarious Experiences (Bandura)
Watching someone else perform the skill in question. Use of a demonstration raises self efficacy and creative imagery can be used when attemting to perform the task.
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Verbal Persuasion (Bandura)
Involves convincing the athlete that they have the ability to complete the skill verbally
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Emotional Control (Bandura)
The evaluation a performer makes on their physiological state. So if they lack self efficacy they may have percieved increased HR due to nerves.
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Card 2

Front

Negative effect of an audience or group of people on a performer

Back

Social inhibition

Card 3

Front

What did Triplett find? The presence of others has the following effects on performance.PTO

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Homefield advantage

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Cottrell

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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