P.E

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flexibility
range of movements at a joint
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3 characteristics of endomorph
wide hips, wide shoulders, short legs
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3 characteristics of ectomorph
narrow shoulders, hips, thin arms
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3 characteristics of mesomorph
broad shoulders, muscled legs, narrow hips
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carbohydrates
gives energy, sugars & starch
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water
keeps us hydrated
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fibre
helps with digestion
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proteins
help growth and repair
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fat
gives slow releasing energy
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vitamins & minerals
keeps body healthy, provide protection
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3 reasons why we exercise
increase energy / improve circulation / relieve stress
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specifity
specific to the needs of sport
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progression
improve & continue develop training
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overload
Frequency, how often / Intensity, how hard / duration, how long
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reversibility
train muscles get bigger(hyper), stop training muscles get smaller(a)
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time
how frequently you train
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TRAINING METHODS: Continous
working at a long time, without rate. improves stamina and muscles endurance
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TRAINING METHODS: Fartlek
continuous workout at different speeds. improves recovery time, aerobic
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TRAINING METHODS: Circuit
series of exercises in a circuit
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TRAINING METHODS: Interval
alternating periods of work & rest. improve speed, recovery time
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TRAINING METHODS: Weight
workout using weights. improve power, strength
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agility
ability to change direction/position quickly
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balance
ability to keep the body stable
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co-ordination
ability to move a combination of body parts together
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muscular endurance
ability to move weight over long periods of time without getting fatigue
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power
ability to apple strength and speed
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reaction time
time between stimulus and onset of movement
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timing
ability to judge the time and place of an object
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strength
ability of muscles to apply force and overcome resistance
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STRENGTHS: explosive
short burst of movement
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STRENGTHS: static
amount of strength applied to an immovable object
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STRENGTHS: dynamic
support the weight over a long period of time
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difference between strain and sprain
sprain ligament overstretched, strain, tendons overstretched
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difference hypothermia and hyperthermia
hypothermia, rapid cooling of body & below 35
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threshold
minimum heart rate to be achieved to ensure fitness is improved
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anaerobic equation (without o2)
glucose + oxygen > energy + co2 + water
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aerobic equation (with o2)
glucose > energy + lactic energy
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repetitions
one performance of single exercise
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sets
number of exercises performed without stopping
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cross training
mixture of training using more than one method of training
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Oxygen debt
period of time when you have a lack of oxygen in your body
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cool down
repay oxygen debt removing lactic acid
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role of blood
carries oxygen to working muscles and removes lactic acid away from working muscles
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player/performer
ability to make effective plans to improve performance
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leader/coach
influence on ones/groups towards set goals
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disability
physical/mental condition that limits a person's movements
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difference between competitive and recreational
competitive, involving contest / recreational, form of play amusement
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sponsership
having whoever sponsor you on ther clothes
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difference between leisure and recreation
recreation, to relax and leisure, free time to do what want in sport
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health
state of complete mental,social and physical well-being, not being ill
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National Healthy Schools Programme
help students to focus on a more active lifestyle within school (whole school approach)
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3 types of muscles
voluntary, attach to the skeleton by tendons /. origin, tendon of the muscle joins the stationary bone / insertion, tendon of the muscle joins the moving bones
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fatigue
extreme tiredness
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stress
body's reply to change in physical, mental or emotional
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4 themes of (NHSP)
PSHE, sex,relationship / healthy eating, healthy food choices / physical activity, pupils with range of opportunities / emotional health and well being, support for vulnerable pupils
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3 competitions
knockouts, ladders, set number of players / combination, all
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development through science
equipment, materials, facilities
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development through ICT
performance aids, software and hardware analyse performance, interactive games/devices
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Sport England
organisation providing lead in sport in England, working with the government (grow, sustain, excel)
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National Governing Bodies
independent organisation that lead & deliver their sport nationally
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Youth Sport Trust
registered charity, support young people physical activity in sport (active kids programmes)
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Dame Kelly Holmes trust
work with young people to help them inspire and learn from experiences of world class sport (get on track)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3 characteristics of endomorph

Back

wide hips, wide shoulders, short legs

Card 3

Front

3 characteristics of ectomorph

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

3 characteristics of mesomorph

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

carbohydrates

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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