PE Vocab - Glossary of Terms for Unit 1: The Theory of Physical Education

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Aerobic
'With oxygen'. If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the heart can supply all the oxygen muscles need.
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Agility
The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.
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Anabolic Steroids
Drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth.
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Anaerobic
'Without oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.
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Anorexic
Pertaining to anorexic - a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite.
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Balance
The ability to retain the body's center of mass (gravity) above the base of support with reference to static, or dynamic conditions of movement, shape and orientation.
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Balanced Diet
A diet which contains an optimal ratio of nutrients.
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Beta Blocks
Drugs that are used to control heart rate and that have a calming and relaxing effect.
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Blood Pressure
The force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.
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Cardiac Output
The amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute.
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Cardiovascular Fitness
The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time.
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Competence
The quality of being competent; adequacy; possession of required skill, knowledge, qualification, or capacity to complete an activity well.
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Coordination
The ability to use two or more body parts together.
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Diuretics
Drugs that elevate the rate of bodily urine excretion.
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Dynamic
Moving or changing.
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Ectomorph
A somatotype; individuals with narrow hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by thinness.
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Endomorph
A somatotype; individuals with wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by fatness.
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Erythropoietin (EPO)
A type of peptide hormone that increases the red blood cell count.
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Exercise
A form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and/or physical fitness. it is not a competitive sport.
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Fitness
The ability to meet the demands of the environment.
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FITT
Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type (used to increase the amount of work the body does, in order to achieve overload).
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Flexibility
The range of movement possible at a joint.
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Health
A state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
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Healthy, Active Lifestyle
A lifestyle that contributes positively to physical, mental and social wellbeing, and which includes regular exercise and physical activity.
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Heart Rate
The number of times the heart beats each minute.
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Individual Differences/ Needs
Matching training to the requirements of an individual.
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Isometric Contraction
Muscle contraction that results in limb movement.
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Isometric Contractions
Muscle contraction which results in increased tension but the length does not alter, for example, when pressing against a stationary object.
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Joint
A palace where two or more bones meet.
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Mesomorph
A somatotype; individuals with narrow hips and wide shoulders, characterised by muscularity.
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Methods of Training
Interval training, continuous training, circuit training, weight training, fartlek training, cross training.
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Muscular Endurance
The ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired.
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Muscular Strength
The amount of force used a muscle can exert against a resistance.
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Narcotic Analgesics
Drugs that can be used to reduce the feeling of pain.
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Obese
A term used to describe people overweight.
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Overfat
A way of saying you have more body fat than you should have.
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Overload
Fitness can only be improve through training more than you normally do.
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Overweight
Having weight in excess of normal (not harmful unless obese accompanied by overfatness)
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Oxygen Debt
The amount of oxygen consumed during recovery above that which would have ordinarily been consumed in the same time at rest (this results in a shortfall in the oxygen available).
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PAR-Q
Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire
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PEP
Personal Exercise Programme
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Peptide Hormones
Drugs that cause the production of other hormones.
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Performance
How well a task is completed.
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Physical Activity
Any form of exercise or movement; physical activity may be planned and structured or unplanned and unstructured (in PE we are concerned with planned and structured physical activity, such as fitness class).
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Power
The ability to do strength performances quickly ~ power = strength x speed
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Progressive Overload
To gradually increase the amount of overload so that fitness gains occur, but without potential injury.
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Reaction Time
The time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of a movement.
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Reversibility
Any adaptation that takes place as a consequence of training will be reserved when you stop training.
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Recovery
The time required for the repair of damage to the body caused by training or competition.
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Rest
The period of time allotted to recovery.
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RICE
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation (a method of treating injuries).
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Self-Esteem
Respect for, or a favorable opinion of, oneself.
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SMART
Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-bound.
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Somatotypes
Classification of body types.
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Specificity
Matching training to the requirements of an activity.
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Speed
The differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time.
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Stimulants
Drugs that have an effect on the central nervous system, such as increased mental and/or physical alertness.
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Stroke Volume
The volume of blood pumped out of the heart by each ventricle during one contraction.
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Target Zone
The range within which an individual needs to work for aerobic training to take place (60-80 percent of maximum heart rate).
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Training
A well-planned program which uses scientific principles to improve performance, skill, game ability, and physical fitness.
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Training Thresholds
The boundaries of the target zone.
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Underweight
Weighing less than is normal, healthy or required.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The ability to change the position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body.

Back

Agility

Card 3

Front

Drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscle growth.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

'Without oxygen'. If exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Pertaining to anorexic - a prolonged eating disorder due to loss of appetite.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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