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3 benefits of taking part in sport
physical, mental ad social
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3 physical benefits of sport
1. Health- improves fitness 2. muscular tone and posture improvement 3.bone strengthening
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How does physical activity strengthen bones?
vigorous physical exercise stimulates the uptake of calcium to the bones. In young it helps build bone mass and in older people, it helps reduce the loss of bone mass
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3 social benefits of sport
1. Increase self worth 2.Mix with people of similar passions/interests 3. Helps make friends and/ keep old ones
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How does cooperation and teamwork benefit someone socially?
1. Listen and carry out instructions 2.ability to think quickly 3. encourages others to change/ work harder
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4 mental benefits of sport
1. Satisfaction of owns performance 2.feeling good (serotonin) 3. can provide excitement 4.improves self esteem 5.Reduces stress and tension
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What 3 ways does physical activity stimulate the individual?
1. co-operation 2. Competition 3. Physical challenge
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What mnemonic is used for a 'healthy active lifestyle'
CHIPSR
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CHIPSR (C)
Culture (age, race, disability, gender)
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CHIPSR (H)
Health (limitation to sports, but also some physical activities can actually help with particular medical conditions
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CHIPSR (I)
Image (fashion and media)- how much coverage it gets can get people interested, and if a particular sports uniform is popular people want to wear it
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CHIPSR (P)
People (family, peers, role models) family take you and pay for equipment, groups of friends' attitude towards a sport and role models- they inspire people to be like them
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CHIPSR (S)
Socio-economic- Cost and Status symbol- the cost of activities can be too expensive for certain people to take part in, some sports are associated with the wealthy and 'upper class'
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CHIPSR (R)
Resources- surroundings, social duties (work and school), bodily needs (eating and sleeping) during free time is when activity takes place. Also where you live affects the sports you can do (flat land/tracks)
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What are the 4 roles in sport?
Coaches, Captains, Officials, Volunteers
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Who are coaches?
A non-player that is in charge of training the team
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Why do we need coaches?
They help players improve their performance, both individually and as a team
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Who are captains?
A player that leads their team during a game
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What are the 4 levels of sports participation?
Foundation, Participation, Performance, Elite
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What is 'foundation'?
foundation is developing basic skills and movements, usually at school in PE lessons
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What is 'participation'?
participation is choosing to do a sport, you are competent at the chosen sport
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What is 'performance'?
performance is training seriously and competition is at a club or regional level
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what is 'elite'?
elite is when someone is highly skilled, they have reached a level of excellence. Competition is at national or international levels and the athletes can either be amateur or professional
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What does PESSCL stand for?
PE in School Sport and Club Links Strategy
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What does PESSCL do?
The national curriculum sets out minimum amount of PE that all schools have to teach. Aimed at 5-16 years old to do at least 2 hours of sport or PE
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What subsections does the Youth Sport Trust have?
TOP Programmes and Active kids
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What do TOP Programmes do?
They encourage kids of all ages + abilities to take part in sport. They supply learning resources and equipment to schools, helming kids develop sport-related skills.
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What do Active kids do?
Involves people collecting vouchers and donating them to schools. Schools then use the vouchers to buy sports equipment, or use them to buy tickets to sports events.
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What is Sport England?
A government organisation that tries to get people of all ages to do sport . They encourage talented individuals and give them opportunities to compete at higher levels
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What is the Sport England's Mantra?
"Start, Stay, Succeed"
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"Start, Stay, Succeed" (start)
increase participation, to improve the health of the nation.
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"Start, Stay, Succeed" (stay)
Keep people in sport through an effective network of clubs, coaches and facilities
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"Start, Stay, Succeed" (succeed)
Create opportunities for the talented performers to achieve success
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Define Fitness
Fitness means being physically able to meet the demands of the environment
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What are all of the HR fitness components?
Muscular Strength, Muscular Endurance, Flexibility, Body composition, CV fitness
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Define Muscular Strength
The amount of force that a muscle can exert
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Define Muscular Endurance
The ability to repeatedly use voluntary muscles over a long time without getting tired
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Define Flexibility
The range of movement possible at a joint
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Define CV fitness
The ability to exercise the whole body for a long time
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What are all of the SR fitness components?
Power, Agility, Reaction time, Coordination, Speed, Balance
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Define Power
Power is the ability to do strength actions or movements quickly. Power = strength*speed
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Define Agility
Agility is the ability to change direction quickly and maintain control over your body
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Define Reaction time
Reaction time is the time taken to move to a stimulus
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Define coordination
The ability to use two or more body parts simultaneously
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Define Speed
Speed is the rate at which someone is able to move, or cover a distance in a given amount of time
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Define Balance
Balance is the ability to keep your centre of mass over a base of support
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What is PAR-Q
Physical Activity Readiness Questionarre- yes or no questions (to see if its safe for you to do sport)
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What are the 3 HR fitness tests?
Coopers 12 minute run, hand grip test, sit and reach test
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What are the 6 SR fitness tests?
Illinois agility, 3 ball juggle, standing stork test, 30m sprint, standing broad jump, ruler drop test
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Define training
Training is a programme designed to improve your performance, physical fitness or skills
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3 physical benefits of sport

Back

1. Health- improves fitness 2. muscular tone and posture improvement 3.bone strengthening

Card 3

Front

How does physical activity strengthen bones?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

3 social benefits of sport

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How does cooperation and teamwork benefit someone socially?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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