PE exam testing

  • Created by: Olly990
  • Created on: 03-01-17 09:49
1. Name the 3 classifications of sport skills
• Level of difficulty, Environmental influence & Clear beginning and end / ‘Continuity’
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3. Explain why a closed skill could be considered easier to master than an open skill. Use examples to help your explanation.
Closed skill is not affected by the environment, is predominantly habitual [learn and repeat], has a set pattern which has clear start and end. An example would be the long jump. An open skill is affected by the environment which will mean the skill
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4. Explain the difference between self-paced and externally paced skills and give an example for each.
Self-paced - the performer controls the rate at which the skill is performed Eg: Javelin throw
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5. Explain how a cricketer needs to combine both gross skills and fine skills in their performance. Use motor skills within the sport to help.
Gross skills are large muscle movements with low levels of precision such as sprinting between wickets for runs, run up in bowling, chasing a ball in fielding. Fine skills are small muscle group’s high level of precision and hand-eye coordination suc
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6. Define continuity and state the 3 types.
Continuity is how well defined the beginning and end of the skill is. 3 types = discrete, serial, continuous
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7. Select one of the types of continuity, describe it and give a sporting example of it.
• Discrete skills - clear beginning and end / single, specific skill / Eg: penalty flick in hockey.
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8. Explain why sailing is an interactive sport.
The sailor interacts with the environment
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9. How is it best to teach a serial skill? Give a sporting example.
Better taught by breaking down into sub-routines. Tennis serve.
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10. What does kinaesthetic sense mean?
‘The sense or physical feeling we get of the movements we make.'
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11. State 3 benefits of skill classification.
Allows the coach to break the skill down into component parts / allows coach to decide what the weakness is / helps the coach create an action plan / helps coach to be specific about weakness – Skill? Fitness? Mental? / helps avoid ‘attentional wasta
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1. Explain the part method of practice when learning a sports skill.
- Splitting practice in to sub-routines
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2. Is this type of practice best for high or low organisation skills
- Low organisation skills
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3. Give an example of a skill which is best taught using this method
- Tennis serve / lay-up in basketball / shot-put
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4. Give 2 benefits of using this method.
- Improve each part / confidence / better idea of technique
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5. Explain the whole - part - whole method of coaching a sport skill.
- Performer attempts the whole skill, then practices the skill in sub-routines and then attempts as a whole again
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6. Is this type of practice best for high or low organisation skills?
- Low organisation
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7. Give an example of a skill which is best taught using this method.
- Triple jump / lay-up in basketball
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8. Give 2 benefits of using this method.
- coach can see the whole skill performed and then recognise weaknesses and suggest practices to help / performer gets the feel of the whole skill before breaking it down
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9. Explain the progressive [segmentation] method of coaching a sport skill.
- A skill that can broken down into subroutines but then each part links together. Also known as chaining.
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10. Is this type of practice best for high or low organisation skills?
- Low organisation
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11. Give an example of a skill which is best taught using this method
- Breast stroke in swimming
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12. Give an example of how operant conditioning could be used to help enhance performance of a sports skill. Use a specific example from sport.
- penalty kick in football / vary irrelevant stimuli such as crowd noise / reinforce
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13. Explain what massed practice is, state which skills it best suits and give a sporting skill in which it could be used.
- short / no rest / continuous / discrete skills / forehand in tennis
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14. Explain what distributed practice is, state which skills it best suits and give a sporting skill in which it could be used.
- long / long rests / broken up / continuous skills / reduce potential mistakes and injury / rowing
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15. Explain what fixed practice is, state which skills it best suits and give a sporting skill in which it could be used
- stable environment / conditions stay the same / closed skills / habitual / little irrelevant stimuli / badminton short serve
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16. When using varied practice what stimuli can be varied when improving a closed skill?
- crowd / weather / quality of opposition
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17. Why is repetitive training essential in both gross and fine motor skills?
- to ensure consistent memory trace and autonomy of movement [making the skill automatic!]
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18. When coaching open skills what must the coach ensure occurs in the practice?
- a variety of situations to allow performer to develop strategies to deal with environmental changes
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19. Using an example which method of coaching is best for serial skills?
- triple jump – whole / part / whole
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20. Why are fixed practices best for self-paced skills?
- fixed practices to enable performer to develop habitual responses taking less account of the environment
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21. Explain how a coach may break down the reverse stick tackle in hockey
- slow demo’ / performed at walking pace / increase pace / game situation
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22. Why is coaching a high organisation skill better done using the whole method of coaching?
- difficult to break into sub-routines / usually a continuous skill
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3. Explain why a closed skill could be considered easier to master than an open skill. Use examples to help your explanation.

Back

Closed skill is not affected by the environment, is predominantly habitual [learn and repeat], has a set pattern which has clear start and end. An example would be the long jump. An open skill is affected by the environment which will mean the skill

Card 3

Front

4. Explain the difference between self-paced and externally paced skills and give an example for each.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

5. Explain how a cricketer needs to combine both gross skills and fine skills in their performance. Use motor skills within the sport to help.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

6. Define continuity and state the 3 types.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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