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Give 2 mental benefits of sport
1) Improves Confidence 2) Releases Tension/Stress
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Give 3 physical benefits of sport
1) losing weight 2) improved posture 3) improved body shape
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Give 2 social benefits of sport
1) Meet new people 2) Making new friends
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Give some examples of personal qualities developed from joining a new sports club
1) co-operation - working with others, 2) competition - testing yourself against others 3) physical challenge - testing yourself against the environment and your personal best performances 4) aesthetic performance - recognising quality of movement
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Define cardiovascular endurance
The ability of the heart to pump oxygenated blood to the working muscles to avoid fatigue over a period of exercise
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Define muscular strength
the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance.
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Define muscular endurance
the ability to use voluntary muscles many times without becoming tired
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Define flexibility
the range of movement possible at a joint.
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Define body composition
the percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle or bone.
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Define speed
is the differential rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time or how quickly an individual can move
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Define agility
the ability to change the position of the body quickly and with control
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Define balance
the ability to retain the centre of mass above the base of support when stationary (static balance) or moving (dynamic balance).
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Define coordination
the ability to use two or more body parts together.
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Define powerd
the ability to use strength at speed
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define reaction time
the time between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of a movement.
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define circuit training
involves performing a series of exercises in a special order called a circuit. Each activity takes place at a 'station'. It can be designed to improve speed, agility, coordination, balance and muscular endurance.
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define continuous training
involves working for a sustained period of time without rest. It improves cardio-vascular fitness.
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define cross-training
involves using another sport or activity to improve your fitness. It happens when an athlete trains in a different environment. For example a volleyball player uses the power training for that sport to help with fitness for long jump.
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define fartlek training
involves varying your speed and the type of terrain over which you run, walk, cycle or ski. It improves aerobic and anaerobic fitness.
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define interval training
involves alternating between periods of hard exercise and rest. It improves speed and muscular endurance.
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define weight training
uses weights to provide resistance to the muscles. It improves muscular strength (high weight, low reps), muscular endurance (low weight, high reps, many sets) and power (medium weight and reps performed quickly).
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define altitude training
is aerobic training high above sea level, where oxygen levels are lower. It is used to increase aerobic fitness quickly.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give 3 physical benefits of sport

Back

1) losing weight 2) improved posture 3) improved body shape

Card 3

Front

Give 2 social benefits of sport

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give some examples of personal qualities developed from joining a new sports club

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define cardiovascular endurance

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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