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Functions of a skeleton: Support, Movement, protection, mineral storage and points for attachment
Joints: Formed where two bones meet
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Ligaments: attach bone to bone
Tendon: attach muscle to bone
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Isotonic: Muscles gets smaller when contracting
Isometric: muscle stays the sameness length when contracting
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Arteries: carry blood away from the heart
Veins: Carry blood to the heart
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Functions of the cardiovascular syestem: Delivers oxygen and nutrients, remove waste products, protection from disease and maintain body temperature
Cardiac output: volume of blood pumped at the heart per minute
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Stroke volume: amount of blood pumped each pump
Cardiac output equation: stroke volume x heart rate
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Adaptions of the alveoli: large surface area, thin walls and good blood supply
Anaerobic equation: glucose=energy+lactic acid
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EPOC: excess post excercise oxygen consumption
Aerobic equation: glucose + oxygen=energy+ water + carbon dioxide
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Cardiac hypertrophy: ventricle walls get bigger and thicker through excercise
Levers: formed from bones, joints and muscles
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Lever 2: effort, load, fulcrum
Lever 3: fulcrum, effort, load
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Health: complete physical, mental and social wellbeing
Fitness: the ability to meet the demands of the environment
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Excercise: a form of physical activity done to improve health or fitness
Max heart rate= 220-age
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Anabolic agents: improve strength and reduce recovery time
EPOs: boost cardiovascular fitness as it makes the body make more red blood cells
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Diuretics: masks other drugs
Stimulants: increase alertness
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Began blockers: keeps the heart rate steady to reduce muscle tension
Sportsmanship: playing inside the rules and following unwritten rules
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Etiquette: unwritten rules
Gamesmanship: bending the rules to gain an advantage
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Sedentary lifestyles: irregular or little excercise
Information processing: input, decision, output, feedback
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Simple carbs: break down fast for immediate energy
Complex carbs: release date slowly and less likely to be stored as fat
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Tendon: attach muscle to bone

Back

Ligaments: attach bone to bone

Card 3

Front

Isometric: muscle stays the sameness length when contracting

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Veins: Carry blood to the heart

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Cardiac output: volume of blood pumped at the heart per minute

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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