Party System Change

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  • Created by: Catherine
  • Created on: 24-05-14 09:54
Arguments for Party System Change
Estensive literature on party system change, response to Lipset and Rokkan 'freezing hypothesis' Pre 70s - freezing hypothesis. Political and social transformation since the 1970s, Party decline
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Causes for Party system change - Individualism and plurality of choice
Nuclear family replaced by plural concept of family, ideological choice replaced pragmatic approach towards politics, diversity of civil society, emergence of new social movements (alternative forms of participation)
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Causes for Party system change - Economic transformation since the 1970s
Emergence of the information society, de-industrialisation, introductions of new lean production methods, power of trade unions eroded, economic sovereignty challenged (globalisation), immigration creates new challenges
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Causes for Party system change- Transformation of the state since the 1970s
reforms of welfare sttes, emergence of competition state based on a regulatiory light corporartist structure
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Causes for Party System change - Europeanisation of party systems
Party systems becoming more similar in the way they target the electoratem party programmes becoming very similar cross-nationally
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Cause for Party System change - Party competition change
New parties emerged such as Greens, extreme right or other challengers, decline of membership led to search for alternative party financing, individuakisation requires increased use of media to match plurality electorates, poltical marketing importan
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Assessment of Party systems
Role of the Party in relationship betweem Civil society and the State, Three Organizational faces, Party on the ground, party in central office, party in public office, competitive goals, vore seeking, policy seeking, office seeking
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The development of party types in Western Europe
From Cadre parties, 19th century - elite, formed by ruling elite for ruling elitem secure continuation of their rule, to cartel parties, 21st century - gaining power in democratic system - less elitist
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Catch Al/Cadre Party
Dominance of public ofice due to growing importnace of state subsidies, central offfice subordinate to public office, staff numers larger in party in public office, most parties in Europe in power become part of a cartel, disappearance on the ground
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Consequences for parties
Decline of membership, volatile vote, new light parties, where personalisation is key, office seeking parties at all levels, politcal marketing reinforced, growing costs of political campaigns, ideology reduced to catch words - pragmatism dominates
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Party system change in France
Quite fragmented political parties, strong left - communist party, collapse of socialist party following 2002 presidential elections, reorganisation of the right towards presidential party, Front national growing, Green, despite infighting - powerful
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Party system change in Germany
Strong support for the greens - issues in E germany after communist rule, SPD personalised politics around schroeder, left right clevages still intact, ideology in crisis? differentiation between main parties?
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Party system change in Italy
Very polarised system, declining support for main parties between 1979 and 1992, collapse of post war party system (tangentopoli), emergence of new parties, polarisation and personalisaton taken to an extreme
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Party system change in the Netherlands
decline of the main social cleavages social democrats and christian democrats since 1970s, CDA at the centre, symbol of catch all party, fragmented party system, parties moving towards cartel parties, emergence followed quick collapse of Pim Fortuyn
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Card 2

Front

Causes for Party system change - Individualism and plurality of choice

Back

Nuclear family replaced by plural concept of family, ideological choice replaced pragmatic approach towards politics, diversity of civil society, emergence of new social movements (alternative forms of participation)

Card 3

Front

Causes for Party system change - Economic transformation since the 1970s

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Causes for Party system change- Transformation of the state since the 1970s

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Causes for Party System change - Europeanisation of party systems

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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