party types

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Cadre partie(Sofroniou)
parties dominated by politically elite groups of activists. reflected 19th century conflict between aristocracy and bourgeoisie - developed own (bourgeois) liberal ideology and (aristocracy) conservative ideology.
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Mass-based parties
huge no of members/supporters. (this is not criterion). main factor: party attempts to base itself to masses, e.g. 19th century socialist parties
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Example of mass party
German Social Democratic Party - 1 million members by 1913
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example of cadre parties
Liberals/Conservative parties in Europe or US (particularly during Civil War)
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Catch-all parties (Kierchheimer)
responds to mobilized political system in which electoral communication takes place through TV, bypassing membership. seeks national interest > social group. purpose: govern (rather than represent). religious defensive parties into centre-right -
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Card 2

Front

Mass-based parties

Back

huge no of members/supporters. (this is not criterion). main factor: party attempts to base itself to masses, e.g. 19th century socialist parties

Card 3

Front

Example of mass party

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

example of cadre parties

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Catch-all parties (Kierchheimer)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5

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