Participation and voting behaviour

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What is direct democracy?
Originating from Athens, it was the first form of democracy which saw men gather together to make important decisions and the majortiy ruled
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Why is direct democracy not used in society today?
Using this kind of democracy is too time consuming and our populations are too vast. However, Switzerland uses a high amount of referendums (more than the likes of the UK) which is a form of direct democracy.
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Why is there an increase in referndums?
increase in voter apathy and growing popular disillusionment with politics, having more direct democracy would make people feel like thay have more of a say rather than just electing someone else to represen them and their views.
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What is democracy?
Democracy comes from the Greek meaning power to the people. In a democracy, everyone has a vote (with a few expections) and all elections are held fairly and decided by the public with their vote. They express fairness and a pluralist society.
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What is a Liberal democracy?
It is a government who is accountable to the people and where competitive, unpredictable and fair elections take place. This form of democracy sees a free flow of information. All parties have an equal chance of being elected.
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What is a totalitarian democracy?
There are some elections but usually only 1 candidate and the ruling party usually wins. There is no free preach or participation from the people. (Korea)
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What is the difference between power and authority?
Power is the ability to get things one through force. Authority is the skill of making people willingly do your will. It is also the right to give orders, enforce obedience or make decisions.
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What is a representitive democracy/indirect democracy?
Is where the people elect representives who make decisions on their behalf. The key elements include: political equality free, fair elections and majority rules.
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What is elitisim?
The recognition that society should be governed by an elite or small group. In effect, the voters give their rights of decisions to the governing party; it highlights a few acting on behalf of a lot.
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What is pluralism?
It is the rule of many, where their is a wide variety of parties and groups to vote for and join; there are diverse centres of political outlets.
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What is limited government?
The power of citizens to control how local policy is made. It involes checks and limitations on the power of government to secure essential liberaties. government is internally limited by the system of checks and balances as well as the Constitution.
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What are civil liberties?
Essential public freedoms that are written into law (HRA)
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What is an open government?
Non-scertive governmentthat is seen as fair and accountable to the people.
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What is the Franchise?
All adults have gained this (the right to vote)
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What is an abstainer?
Those who don't vote.
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What is actively abstaining?
Is when people don't vote for a reason and may participate using other forms. MAny young people join new social movements due to their liberal and socail concerns (the green movement)
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What is passive abstaining?
This is when people don't vote for no particular reason; they just don't think that it matters. Those of Liverpool riverside who think that politics doesn't effect them; they are indifferent.
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Name a country with exceptionally high voting turnouts?
Italy
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What was the turnout in 1997?
71%
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What was the turnout in 2010?
65%
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What is the average turnouts in in local elections or devolved assemblies?
30/40%
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Why was the turnout in 2005 better than 2001?
This could be due to the prospect of a closer contest. Although the conservatives lack popular apeal, there was a chance to cast a protest vote against Blair.
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What is apathy?
The lack of interest or enthusiasm in the political system.
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How might others see apathy?
it could be seen as the fact people have a satisfaction with thigs so so their is no need to exert themseleves to take an active role.
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What is political culture?
Kavanagh "set of values within wich the politcal system oporates2. However, not everyone has the same values and so this normally refers to dominant culture
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What is civil culture? (Almond)
A country where citizens allow decision makers to make decisions as long as they take into account public opinion
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Why does Kavanagh critise civil culture?
The system is outdated as traditional bonds of partisian alignment and homogeneity, deference and consensus.
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What is homogeneity?
This is social unity which is indelcine now due to the devolution of britian (Scotish referndum 2014). The rise in multi-cultured society and the decline in religion.
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What is consensus?
Agreement, this is indecline. The membership of the EU divides many people (Divisions within the coalition) LAck of difference between parties.
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What is defernce?
Respect for those in power. This is indecline due to the rise in media and image- propaganda. Political scandals (2009)
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Card 2

Front

Why is direct democracy not used in society today?

Back

Using this kind of democracy is too time consuming and our populations are too vast. However, Switzerland uses a high amount of referendums (more than the likes of the UK) which is a form of direct democracy.

Card 3

Front

Why is there an increase in referndums?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is democracy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a Liberal democracy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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