Parliamentary Law-Making Keywords

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  • Created by: cg97
  • Created on: 06-09-13 17:27
Law Commission
A full-time law reform body, independent of the Government. It was created by the Law Commission Act 1965. This Act gives it its powers and duties.
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Pressure Group
A group of people who campaign for reform of the law.
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The Media
The channels through which information is communicated to the public.
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House of Commons
One of the two Houses of Parliament. The more powerful House as its members are democratically elected.
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Democracy
Actions are carried out by the elected Government in the name of and on behalf of the electorate.
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House of Lords
One of the two Houses of Parliament. Membership is by appointment
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The Crown
The King or Queen, who is also the Head of State. The Crown's approval is necessary to all laws passed by Parliament before they come into force.
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Bill
A draft Act of Parliament
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Public Bill
A Bill affecting the general public.
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Government Bill
A public Bill introduced into Parliament by a Government minister.
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Private Members' Bill
A public Bill introduced into Parliament by a backbench MP in the Commons or by a peer in the House of Lords.
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Private Bill
A Bill affected a particular individual or organisation, or a specific locality.
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The Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949
They limit the power of the House of Lords to delay or defeat proposed legislation.
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Parliamentary Sovereignty
Parliament is the supreme law-maker in the UK.
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European Union (EU)
A group of countries that have signed international treaties with the common purpose of creating an economic union.
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The Treaty of Rome 1957
The founding Treaty of the European Economic Community now know as the EU.
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The European Communities Act (ECA) 1972
The Act of Parliament that incorporates EU law into UK domestic law. The effect of this Act is that Acts of Parliamentare now subordinate to European Law.
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The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) 1950
An international treaty signed by 45 countries of Europe with the common purpose of protecting fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens.
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The Human Rights Act (HRA) 1998
An Act of Parliament that incorporates the European Convention on Human Rights into UK domestic law.
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Devolution
The statutory granting of certain powers from the Westminster Parliament to Parliaments of Scotland and Wales.
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Card 2

Front

A group of people who campaign for reform of the law.

Back

Pressure Group

Card 3

Front

The channels through which information is communicated to the public.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

One of the two Houses of Parliament. The more powerful House as its members are democratically elected.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Actions are carried out by the elected Government in the name of and on behalf of the electorate.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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