Parliamentary Law Making

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What is a Bill?
An unmade law.
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What happens at the first reading?
The title of the bill is read, there is no debate.
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What happens at the second reading?
There is a debate and a vote.
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What happens at the committee stage?
Amendments are made.
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What happens at the report stage?
The Committee report back to the House on those amendments.
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What happens at the third reading?
The final vote.
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In chronological order, what are the seven steps of passing a bill?
1. First Reading 2. Second Reading 3. Committee Stage. 4. Report Stage. 5. Third Reading. 6. Swap Houses. 7. Royal Ascent.
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Who makes statute law?
Parliament.
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Who makes common law?
The Judges.
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Is statute law or common law more powerful?
Statute law is more powerful.
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In the House of Lords, how does the committee stage differ from in the House of Commons?
Instead of a select group of people, all Lords participate and read it line by line.
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What is the process called where the bill is passed back and forth through the House of Commons and the House of Lords?
Ping-Pong
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What are the two papers that are produced before a bill is created?
A green paper and a white paper.
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What is a green paper?
A green paper is issued by the government, welcomes discussions and offers several proposals.
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What is an example of a green paper?
Justice and Security 2011
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What is a white paper?
A paper that sets out governments firm plans.
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What is an example of a white paper?
Tools and Mitigation 2010.
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How many times has The Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 been enacted?
7 times.
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What do the Parliament Acts 1911 & 1949 do?
Allow the House of Lords to hold a bill for a year and allow the House Of Commons to pass a bill for royal assent without the House of Lords' consent.
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How long can the House of Lords hold a bill to do with taxes for?
A month.
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Name an example of when the Parliament Acts were used?
The Hunting Act (2004), this was held by the Lords for a year because they hunted animals.
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What is a government bill?
Introduced, or sponsored in legislative by the government.`
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An example of a government bill?
Childcare bill (2015-16)
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What is a private bill?
A bill affecting the interests of a particular body or invidividual.
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What is an example of a private bill?
Allhous staining church act 2010.
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What is a private members bill?
Introduced by MPs and Lords who aren't government ministers.
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An example of a private members bill?
Citizenship (armed forces) 2013-14
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What is a hybrid bill?
A mix of a public bill and a private bill, the government will introduce bills that only affect individuals.
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What is an example of a hybrid bill?
Channel Tunnel (Rail Link) Act 1996.
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Card 2

Front

What happens at the first reading?

Back

The title of the bill is read, there is no debate.

Card 3

Front

What happens at the second reading?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happens at the committee stage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens at the report stage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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