Parents and Children

What percentage of children are born into unmarried families?
47%, over twice as may as in 1986
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How has the average number of children per women changed from 1964, to 2001, and to 2010?
1964: 2.95 2001: 1.63 2010: 1.94
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What was the average age at which a woman would have her first child in 1971?
24.1
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What was the average age at which a woman would have her first child in 2012?
28.1
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What percentage of women born in 1973 are thought to be childless at the age os 45?
25%
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What are reasons for the increase in births outside marriage?
Decline in stigma, increase in cohabitation
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What factors reflect how women have more roles and options than just motherhood?
Women have children at a later age, Family sizes are smaller, More women are reaming childless
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Whats is another option that women have besides motherhood?
the ability to pursue a career
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What percentage of families with children are Lone parent families?
22%
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How many lone-parent families are headed by the mother?
90%
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A child with a lone parent is how much more likely to be in poverty, than a child with two parents?
2x
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Why has the number of lone parents families risen?
Due to the increase in divorce and separation, due to the increase in never-married-women having children.
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Why are lone-parent families more likely to be female-headed?
Women are believed to have the nurturing, expressive role. Divorce counts normally give child custody to mothers. men are taught to be less willing to give up work and leisure time to look after children
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What did Renvoize find about lone-parent mothers in 1985?
That professional women are able to support their children without the fathers involvement
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What did Cashmore find about w/c mothers in 1985?
Some working class women, with less earning power chose to live on welfare benefits without a partner, often because they had experienced abuse.
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What are stepfamilies also referred to as?
Reconstituted families
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In what percentage of stepfamilies, is at least one of the children born from the woman's previous relationship?
85%
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In what percentage of stepfamilies, is at least one of the children born from the man's previous relationship?
11%
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In what percentage of stepfamilies are there children from both partners' previous relationships?
4%
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what did Feri and Smith discover about stepfamilies?
That they are very similar to normal families in many aspects, and that the involvement of stepparents in childcare and childbearing is a positive one. However, found that stepfamilies are at greater risk of poverty
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Wha causes stepfamilies?
Divorce and separation from previous marriages
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What are common issues in reconstituted families?
Clash in norms, rules, loyalties, behaviours
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How has the average number of children per women changed from 1964, to 2001, and to 2010?

Back

1964: 2.95 2001: 1.63 2010: 1.94

Card 3

Front

What was the average age at which a woman would have her first child in 1971?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the average age at which a woman would have her first child in 2012?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What percentage of women born in 1973 are thought to be childless at the age os 45?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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