Paper 2 Section A: urban challenges chapter 15

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where are cities in the uk located?
low lying parts of the country and this, historically was supported by farming and trade.
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how are the uk's cities growing?
the fastest growing cities are in south east england but in sunderland in the north east of engand population has fallen this was due to a decline in industry.
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why did london grow in the past?
the thames is tidal and this means that ships were able to navigate up the river to london
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what is londons national importance?
media and communications, education, culture entertainment and tourism are all important
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what is londons international importance,?
the shard and football teams are owned by foreigners also migrants come to work
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what is the cultural mix found in shoreditch?
old industrial buildings have been turned into restaurants and art galleries.
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what is silicon roundabout
silicon roundabout is a group of tech companies nicknamed after silicon valley in california
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why does london need to improve its transport
due the rapid increase of population as well as traffic congestion and limited parking space transport needs to be improved.
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what transport improvements are planned
crossrail is a new trainline that would run from shenfield to reading
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what impacts could crossrail have
this would raise property values by 25% and it would increase the number of passengers 200 million journeys a year
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how much of london is green?
47% of the city is green space, which includes; parks, woods and gardens.
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why is it good to have green cities?
Trees produce oxygen and clean the air, trees and green spaces reduce the danger of flooding by slowing down the water
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what strategies can be used to make london greener?
garden bridge was proposed but it was quickly disregarded. it was hoped to bring environmental and economic benefits.
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what is social deprivation?
it is the extent that a person is lacking things essential for a decent life
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what are the two main contrasting areas in london when talking about social deprivation
kensington and chelsea and newham
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why is there a shortage of homes in london?
london is growing by 100,000 people a year but on 20,000 are being built, this then drives up house prices
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positive and negatives of building on brownfield
positive; reduces the need for urban sprawl and less need for cars as transport in urban areas is good. Negatives; land many be contaminated, old buildings must be demolished first
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positives and negatives of building on greenfield
positives; there is no land to be decontaminated, land is cheaper. Negatives; natural habitats may be destroyed, increased urban sprawl
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where does london's waste go?
1/ 4 of londons watse goes to landfills and this contributes to wider global problems.
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why was the lower lea valley in need of regeneration?
much of the site was in poverty and derelict, the land was also badly contaminated
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why was it successful?
there was a lot of available land and east london has very good transport
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how has the environment of the lower lea valley changed?
in place of contaminated soil and polluted waterways things such as velodrome and the queen elizabeth park have been put in place
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what social and economic changes have taken place in the lower lea valley?
it is too early see the full effects but the olympic village has been converted into homes
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Card 2

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how are the uk's cities growing?

Back

the fastest growing cities are in south east england but in sunderland in the north east of engand population has fallen this was due to a decline in industry.

Card 3

Front

why did london grow in the past?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is londons national importance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is londons international importance,?

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