Paper 2 Section A: urban challenges chapter 14

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what is the importance of lagos?
80% of nigeria's industry is based around lagos and is the main financial centre in West Africa. there is also an international airport and a busy seaport.
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when and why did lagos expand?
the oil boom in the 1970's caused this.
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what has been the main driver of growth in lagos
rural-urban migration
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what are the push factors that convince people to leave the countryside.
lack of job opportunities, low wages, poor education and health services, changing climate mans more droughts and floods.
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what are the pull factors that invite people to the city
the prospect of well-paid work and the attraction of an urban lifestyle.
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what are the opportunities in lagos?
there are both economic and social opportunities in lagos.
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what do opportunities include?
You can work in the formal economy, paying tax or you could work in the informal economy as a street vendor. there are more school available such as lagos university. health care is always available in lagos.
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how does lagos' growth create more inequality
the gap between the rich and the poor is widening . 60% of lagos' population live in squatter settlements eg makoko.
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are there signs that lagos is beginning to improve?
yes, transport, electricity, water supply and crime reduction are things that are being focused on.
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how is the government attempting to help?
two new power stations have been planned, the city has brought in three police helicopters to help lower the crime rate
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why is lagos' location relavent
lagos lagoon provides a sheltered harbour for shipping
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what are the benefits of the informal economy of lagos?
at olusosun landfill site, people can save money by buying recycled goods. The rubish can also be turned into energy.
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what are the negatives of the informal economy of lagos?
toxic fumes can be released and the build of natural gases can cause hard to extinguish fires
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where are the squatter settlements in lagos
squatter settlements tend to be on the east coast near lagos lagoon
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what is makoko
makoko is a squatter settlement that is on the water, there is no proper santation .
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how does lagos obtain the majority of its water
people tend to rely on street vendors or digging personal wells in the ground.
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why is lagos' current way of obtaining water not the best.
water in the lagoon or tidal creeks is not suitable for drinking because it is polluted and salty
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what is the lagos state water regulatory commission doing to help
They are making efforts to regulate street vendors and issuing licenses for boreholes
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how does pollution affect Lagos' water supply?
There is a lack of a proper sewage system and this can lead to chemical or bacterial contamination
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why could a rising sea level be a threat to lagos?
lagos is low-lying making it vulnerable to the sea, rapid ubanisation has covered the land with building and concrete
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what has been done to attempt to reduce traffic congestion?
LAMATA was set up to improve transport and it made a separate lane for buses to go down
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how could a developed transport plan help lagos?
better walking and cycling facilities might encourage people to walk or cycle to work instead of drive.
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how can urban planning improve life in lagos
In 2014 makoko floating school was built on lagos lagoon. The school is environmentally sustainable and would help communities to withstand the impact of a rising sea levels
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what challenges does lagos face?
the sea levels are rising and this is a threat to the low lying communicates. The power supply is unreliable and unpredictable
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Card 2

Front

when and why did lagos expand?

Back

the oil boom in the 1970's caused this.

Card 3

Front

what has been the main driver of growth in lagos

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what are the push factors that convince people to leave the countryside.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what are the pull factors that invite people to the city

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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