Paper 2 - Research Methods Recap

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1. Which one is not usually a strength of a lab experiment?

  • Replication is possible
  • Establishes cause and effect
  • High external validity
  • Precise control of variables
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2. Which is not a difference between a correlation and an experiment?

  • Experiments take place in a lab, correlations do not
  • There is no control of extraneous variables in a correlation
  • Unlike experiments, there is no IV or DV in an experiment
  • You can't identify casual relationships in a correlation

3. Which of these is an attempt to control for participant variables in an independent groups design?

  • Demand characteristics
  • Counterbalancing
  • Random allocation
  • Control condition

4. Which is least likely to apply to participant observations?

  • Insight into group mentality
  • Low external validity
  • The risk of 'going native'
  • Giving a first-hand account

5. A high standard deviation might indicate:

  • A widely spread set of data
  • A high mean
  • A low dispersion
  • A repeated measures design


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