Paper 2 British Depth Study 1800-1914

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First Cholera Epidemic.
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Edwin Chadwicks published 'Report on the Sanitry Conditions of the Labouring Population of Great Britian' and explained that creating a public health system would save money.
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Second Cholera Epidemic.
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1848Second Cholera Epidemic.
First Public Health Act.
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Titus Salts model village Saltaire was built.
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Third Cholera Epidemic.
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John Snow discovered cholera was waterborne.
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The 'Great Stink' when the summer was really hot and the sewage in the Thames and open sewers began togrow bacteria and let off a smell. Even Parliament refused to sit as it was right next to the River Thames.
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Joseph Bazalgette was appointed to build a sewage system.
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Joseph Bazalgettes sewage system was opened up by the Prince of Walees.
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Reform Act was passed giving nearly 1 million men a vote.
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Local Government Board was formed and people were appointed Medical Officers.
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Joseph Chamberlain became Mayor of Bimingham.
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Joseph Bazalgette was knighted for his work on London's sewers.
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Public Health Act was made compulsary and became alot more effective as it forced local councils to act.
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Artisans' Dwellings Act allowed the councils to be able to demolish slums and replace them with better housing standard due to Octavia Hills concern of terrible housing in which she created the Model Housing Scheme.
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The Sale of Food and Drugs Act allowedpeopleto know what they were eating was exactly what they thought it was and improved the working classes health which meant sickness abscenses decreased.
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The Rivers Pollution Act intended to reduce river pollution by making it illegal to dum chemicls or waste into the Thames, making dure bacteria didnt reach certain levels and appointed an inspector to make sure the act was being followed.
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Charles Booth published his first edition of Life and Labour of the Poeple, this included that 30% of people in London were in sever poverty and how hard it was to find job and that some jobs wages couldnt even support a family.
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Octavia Hill co-founded the National Trust.
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Outbreak of The Boer War
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Seebohm Rowntree publsed his reort Poverty, a Study of Town Life which showed that 28% of Yorks population could not afford the bare necessities of life.
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A Royal Commisioner was set up by the government to examine were help for poor was good enough and published two reports named The Majority Report and The Minority Report.
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Liberal Party won the election over conservatives.
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Free School Meals Act set up to supply free school meals paid for by ratepayers.
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School medical inspections became a law to supply an inspector and build clinics however, this was compulsary and not many people used it.
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Childrens Charter was put in place to give some legal protection to children, this meant it was mad illegal for children under 16 to buy cigarettes, go to a pub or work in dangerous environments. This decreased the mortality rate massively.
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Old Age Pensions Act introducedby Lloyd George to give a pension to people over 70 to avoid humiliation of workhouse however, not many people lived til 70.
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Labour Exchanges meant that the unemployed could visit to find out about vacancies and one million jobs were filled a year.
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The Budget Crisis happened when Llloyd George and Winston Churchill decided that the rich should pay taxes more heavily but when passed through the House of Lords they did not allow it.
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A general election was called and when The Liberal Party won they reintroduced the Budget with the Kings support so the Commoners and Lords finally passed it.
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National Insurance Act was set up to allow it if workers became ill or were unemployed they would still be paid a wage for so long.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Edwin Chadwicks published 'Report on the Sanitry Conditions of the Labouring Population of Great Britian' and explained that creating a public health system would save money.



Card 3


Second Cholera Epidemic.


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


First Public Health Act.


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Titus Salts model village Saltaire was built.


Preview of the back of card 5
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