Culture, beliefs, values and norms.

HideShow resource information
Beliefs.
A state of mind in which trust or confidence is placed in some person or something. Assumptions and convictions that are held to be true, by an individual or a group, regarding concepts, events, people and things.
1 of 9
Values.
The idea that something is desirable. Defines what is and is not worthwhile. May be: Personal, professional, institutional or social.
2 of 9
Norms.
A specific guide to actions, defines acceptable and appropriate behaviour in given situations. Norms can be enforced through positive and negative sanctions/ rewards and punishments. Sanctions are a major part of the mechanisms of social control.
3 of 9
Culture.
Socially transmitted values, attitudes, beliefs and patterns of behaviour shared by a population or society (Clarke 2013). Culture is shaped by natural phenomena. Culture is our theory of nature which is framed by our beliefs, values and norms.
4 of 9
Culture cont.
Our culture will frame how we make sense of what is happening to us. We may view all other cultures purely from the viewpoint of ours- Ethnocentrism. Will also frame how we view health and illness.
5 of 9
Rene Descartes (1596-1650).
Rationalism- follow intuition and deduction. Dualism- the mind controls the body, but the body can affect the mind. The body is material so can be thought of as a machine. Must be maintained/ repaired.
6 of 9
The Biomedical Model (Laing RD 1993 1969)
'A set of procedures in which all doctors are trained.' Includes: complaint, history, examination, tests if needed, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis with or without treatment.
7 of 9
Religious/ Supernatural models of health.
Illness caused by sinful behaviour or evil spirits. May manifest itself in one way e.g. fever- but it is the spiritual problem that needs to be managed. Healing often incorporates a healer/holy person. Prayer/intercession/repentance may be important.
8 of 9
Holistic models of health.
Focus on the interaction of a persons mind, body and spirit within their social lives. Clients are involved in the process, thereby assuming some responsibility for health maintenance.
9 of 9

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Values.

Back

The idea that something is desirable. Defines what is and is not worthwhile. May be: Personal, professional, institutional or social.

Card 3

Front

Norms.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Culture.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Culture cont.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Nursing resources:

See all Nursing resources »See all Sociology. resources »