P2 topic 5+6

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Alpha Radiation
Form-2 Protons+2 Neutrons (Heluim neucleus) Mass-4. Speed-slowest. Stopped by-Paper/Skin.
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Beta Radiation
Form- 1 Electron. Mass-Almost 0 (Negligable) Speed-Faster. Stopped by-Aluminium/Bone.
2 of 6
Gamma Radiation
Form-Pure Energy. Mass-0. Speed-Speed of Light. Stopped by-Thick Lead.
3 of 6
Isotopes
Same atomic number, different mass number (same protons different neutrons)
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Nuclear Fission
One electron that hits into a large unstable atom which then splits into two daughter nuclei and releases energy and 3 neutrons are released which will then carry on the reaction onto 3 more unstable atoms
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Nuclear Fusion
A heavy hydrogen isotope and a light hydrogen collide and join together, releasing energy and one neutron
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Beta Radiation

Back

Form- 1 Electron. Mass-Almost 0 (Negligable) Speed-Faster. Stopped by-Aluminium/Bone.

Card 3

Front

Gamma Radiation

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Isotopes

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Nuclear Fission

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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