Osteoporosis

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What is Osteoporosis?
Means - 'porous bones'. Amount of bone per unit has declined, but the composition remains largely unchanged.
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What are the functions of bones?
Structure, Storage, Attachment, Movement, Protection
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How is Osteoporosis diagnosed?
DEXA scan, bone mineral density (BMD) test
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Why are women most at risk of developing Osteoporosis?
Oestrogen (female sex hormone) helps to control bone turnover. Menopause (stop producing oestrogen), Early menopause (before 45), Hysterectomy, Amenorrhoea.
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Describe the difference between Osteoporosis and Osteomalacia.
Osteoporosis is concerned with a decreased normal bone mass. Osteomalacia is concerned with too much matrix to the amount of bone, and the decalcification and softening of the bone.
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What can be done to prevent fractured bones?
Have a well balanced calcium rich diet, weight baring exercise, adequate vitamin D intake, healthy body weight, reduce alcohol intake.
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What are the risk factors?
Genes, age, gender, race, previous fractures, falls. Rheumatoid arthritis, low levels of oestrogen (women), Hyperthyroidism, Parathyroid disease.
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What are the common fracture sites?
Hip (80% women, 90% over 50yrs), Vertebral (75% from normal activities), wrist fractures (mainly women), fracture at 1 site - 10 fold increase of same site fracture.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the functions of bones?

Back

Structure, Storage, Attachment, Movement, Protection

Card 3

Front

How is Osteoporosis diagnosed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why are women most at risk of developing Osteoporosis?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Describe the difference between Osteoporosis and Osteomalacia.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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