Origins of Socialism

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At what time is socialism seen to have developed?
19th century
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What was it a reaction to?
the social and economic conditions generated in Europe by the growth of industrial capitalism
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Which class was its ultimate support from?
The newly growing class of industrial workers
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What did socialism critique?
Liberal market economy
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What did it offer?
An alternative to industrial capitalism
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What kind of conditions did traditional socialism seek to change?
Low wages, child/female labour, long working hours, the threat of unemployment
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What did early socialists think was needed to change these?
A radical, revolutionary alternative
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What is utopianism?
Socialism exercised through experimental communities based on sharing and cooperation
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Which thinkers is this kind of socialism often attributed to?
Fourier, Owen
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What did Marx and Engel's theories suggest?
A more complex and systematic regime
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What did they predict?
The "laws of history" indicate that the revolutionary overthrow of capitalism is inevitable
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Why was socialism transformed at the end of the 19th century?
There was an improvement in living conditions and a stronger political democracy
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How did socialism become more mainstream?
Socialist political parties adopted legal and constitutional tactics, moving towards evolutionary socialism and way from revolution
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Card 2

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What was it a reaction to?

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the social and economic conditions generated in Europe by the growth of industrial capitalism

Card 3

Front

Which class was its ultimate support from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did socialism critique?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What did it offer?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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