Origins of Psychology - Wundt

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Wundt (1875)
Created 1st psych lab in Leipzig, DE (1875). Founded Institute of Experimental Psych w/ Fletcher (1879). Approach -> acceptance of psych as science, moved away from philosophy, physiology + bio.
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What Wundt wanted to study
Structure of human mind - believed could be achieved by breaking down behaviours e.g. perception + sensation into basic elements. Approach known as structuralism, technique known as introspection
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Introspection - What it is
W trained participants to be self-aware to observe + report their inner mental processes + emotional states w/in experiments when subjected to stimuli e.g. pictures then describe what experienced.
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Introspection - how it worked
Participants shown object and then asked to report how they were perceiving it. Info used to generate general theories about perception +mental processes + gain insight into their workings
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Introspection - What Wundt originally believed
All aspects of human behaviour could be investigated via experiments using introspection like this including memory and perception
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Introspection - What Wundt later realised
Learning, language + emotions couldn't be studied through lab experiments. Part due to self-reports being found to be unreliable + difficult to replicate - ultimately subjectively down to individual
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What Wundt wanted to study

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Structure of human mind - believed could be achieved by breaking down behaviours e.g. perception + sensation into basic elements. Approach known as structuralism, technique known as introspection

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Introspection - What it is

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Card 4

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Introspection - how it worked

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Card 5

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Introspection - What Wundt originally believed

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