Origins of Psychology

Wundt and psychology as a science

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  • Created by: eorleans
  • Created on: 13-05-16 10:11
"Only by exploring psychology's origins and studying its development can we see clearly the nurture of psychology today."
Duane & Schultz
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What is psychology?
The study of the mind and of behaviour
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Describe the definition of a science
Science is a systematic approach to creating knowledge through the use of empirical research
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What is the use of Scientific methods?
To provide replicable, objective and systematic evidence.
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Who was behind the emergence of Psychology as a science?
Watson & Skinner, 1920
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In relation to the emergence of psychology as a science, what did Watson & Skinner find?
They found fault with introspection, saying that data may be subjective instead of objective. Therefore by focusing on behaviour in laboratory settings they could observe, explain and measure behaviours without any bias.
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When did Cognitive Neuroscience come about?
During the late 20th century
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What approach did Watson and Skinner belong to?
The behaviourist approach
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What is Cognitive Neuroscience based on?
How biological structures influence mental states with the use of computer models. It is he combination of the Cognitive and Biological approach.
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Who is known to be behind the origins of the Social Learning Theory?
Bandura, 1960s
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The emergence of psychology as a science begun with
the Behaviourist approach
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In what year was psychology said to become a science?
In 1913
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From the 17th to the 19th century, Psychology was known as... Why?
Experimental Philosophy because during those time psychology was considered 'a branch of the broader discipline of philosophy'.
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When was the first experimental psychology lab open? Where and by whom?
First experimental psychology lab was opened in 1879 by Wundt in Germany.
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Wundt is the main author of...
introspection
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What is Introspection?
The description and documentation of the nature of human conciousness through structuralism.
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The breakdown of conciousness into their constituent parts is known as...
Structuralism.
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What was introspection recorded strictly under?
Controlled conditions such as, the use of standardised instructions given to all participants and the use of the same stimulus each time. This caused their procedures to be replicable.
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What is psychology?

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The study of the mind and of behaviour

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Describe the definition of a science

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Card 4

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What is the use of Scientific methods?

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Who was behind the emergence of Psychology as a science?

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