Conservatism - Origins

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What was Conservatism a reaction to?
Rapid political, economic and social change
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What was this symbolised by?
The French Revolution
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What had conservatism been associated with in the past?
Defence of the aristocracy and monarcy
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What is Edmund Burke's famous 'conservative' book called?
"Reflections on the Revolution in France" (1790)
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What were western states transformed by?
Industrialisation and other ideologies: liberalism, socialism, nationalism
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What did conservatism seek to combat?
Challenges to traditional social order
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What did Burke say about change?
"Change in order to conserve"
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What is Authoritarianism?
A belief that strong authority, imposed from above, is desirable or necessary, and demands obedience.
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Examples of non-UK conservative parties/leaders:
Republicans, Japanese Liberal Democrat Party, Peron (Argentina), Khomeini (Iran)
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What is the New Right?
A conservatively ideological trend that embraces a blend of market individualism and social authoritarianism
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Who are the famous New Right politicians?
Margaret Thatcher (UK), Ronald Reagan (US)
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What are New Right politicians often influenced by?
Neo-liberal economic policy (Hayek) (Free-market)
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What was this symbolised by?

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The French Revolution

Card 3

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What had conservatism been associated with in the past?

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Card 4

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What is Edmund Burke's famous 'conservative' book called?

Back

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Card 5

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What were western states transformed by?

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