Religiosity and social groups

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Lower classes attracted to what religious movements?
World rejecting sects as they offer theodicy of privilege- explanation for their suffering. Also offer solution to their problems.
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What social group do sects recruit from?
Marginalised poor
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Who is likely to join New religious movements?
Middle class as they are spiritually deprived
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What ethnic groups are more likely to see religion as important?
Muslims,Hindus,Black christians. 74% muslims saw it as important only 32% white catholics did
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Bruce Gives what reason for the ethnic differences in religion?
1)Cultural defence- offers support and culture in a hostile environment.2)Cultural transition-eases transition into new culture and provides support. These are the reasons for the high participation among first generation immigrants in USA
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What gender participates more in religion?
Women- in 2005 1.8 million women attended church and only 1.4 million men. Show religious qualities like passive, obedient, caring.
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Davie (gender and religion)
womens close proximity to birth through child bearing and death though caring for the old brings them closest to the 'ultimate' questions
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Heelas and Woodhead (gender and religion)
Women more attracted to new age due to caring nature. 80% of participants in Holisic Milieu in Kendal were female
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Glock and Stark (gender)
Religion has compensators for deprivation which are more common among women. 1)organismic deprivation-physical and mental health problems.2)Ethical deprivation- more morally conservative so regard world as in moral decline so are attracted to sects.
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Glock and Stark(final deprivation)
3)social deprivation-more likely to be poor and sects recruit from poor
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Counter statistic for gender
women are leaving church at a faster rate than men- Decline in church going of women ages 30-35 with 16.4% fall between 1990-2005
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Brown- criticism
women have began to reject the gender roles in religion e.g Christianity subordination of women
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What age group is more likely to attend religious services?
Elderly
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What age groups are two exceptions to the age pattern?
1)under 15's-made to go. 2) over 65's- sick or disables so unable to attend. Higher death rates in this group so a smaller group
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Voas and Crockett- two explanations for age differences
1) ageing effect- people turn to religion as they get older as they approach death as we become more concerned with the afterlife etc. 2) the generational effect-each generation less religious than previous due to secularisation.
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What % church goers are over 65
30%
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What does Bruce predict about age trends?
Over 65's will be majority at church as children are no longer receiving a religious socialisation so those brought up with religious beliefs are older.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Marginalised poor

Back

What social group do sects recruit from?

Card 3

Front

Middle class as they are spiritually deprived

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Muslims,Hindus,Black christians. 74% muslims saw it as important only 32% white catholics did

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1)Cultural defence- offers support and culture in a hostile environment.2)Cultural transition-eases transition into new culture and provides support. These are the reasons for the high participation among first generation immigrants in USA

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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