Organisation

What does the small intestine do?
Produces enzymes; Large food molecules are absorbed by diffusion
1 of 55
What does the Gullet do?
Tube that contracts to push food down to the stomach
2 of 55
What does the Large intestine do?
Water is absorbed form the undigested food into your blood
3 of 55
What does the liver do?
Produces bile for small intestine; Neutralises acid to create high pH conditions for enzymes; Emulsifies fat to form smaller droplets to increase surface area
4 of 55
Where does the food go?
Mouth; Gullet; Stomach; Small Intestine; Large Intestine; Rectum; Anus
5 of 55
What does the stomach do?
Produces: Enzymes; HCl - provides acidic pH for protase and kills bacteria in your food; Mucus - coats stomach to stop the lining from being digested
6 of 55
What does the mouth do?
Salivary Glands produce saliva to break down your food
7 of 55
What does the gall bladder do?
Stores bile, releases it into small intestine through the bile duct
8 of 55
What does the pancreas do?
Produces enzymes for small intestine to digest food
9 of 55
What does the rectum do?
Stores faeces
10 of 55
What does the anus do?
Faeces pass out of your body
11 of 55
Proteins are used for?
Constant Respiration
12 of 55
Excess amino acids are broken down into?
Urea
13 of 55
Glucose is broken down into?
Water & CO2
14 of 55
Carbohydrates & Lipids are used for?
Constant Respiration
15 of 55
Simple Sugars are converted into?
Fructose
16 of 55
Amino Acids are converted into?
Amino Acids
17 of 55
Glucose is built up into?
Cellulose
18 of 55
Fatty Acids are built up into?
Lipids/Fats
19 of 55
Amino Acids are built up into?
Proteins
20 of 55
CO2 & Water are built up into?
Glucose
21 of 55
Glucose & Nitrate Ions are built up into?
Amino Acids
22 of 55
What factors affect Chemical Reactions?
Temperature, pH, Concentration & Surface Area
23 of 55
What elements are carbohydrates made of?
Carbon, Hydrogen & Oxygen
24 of 55
Examples of Carbohydrates
Glucose, Sucrose, Starch & Cellulose
25 of 55
What elements are Lipids made of?
Carbon, Hydrogen & Oxygen
26 of 55
Examples of Lipids
Fatty Acids & Glycerol
27 of 55
What elements are Proteins made of?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen & Nitrogen
28 of 55
What is Iodine Solution used for?
Starch
29 of 55
What colour should Iodine Solution turn to?
Brown/Orange to Black/Blue
30 of 55
What is Biuret Test used for?
Proteins
31 of 55
What colour should Biuret Test turn to?
Blue to Purple/Pink
32 of 55
What is Sudan III Test used for?
Lipids
33 of 55
What colour should Sudan III Test turn to?
It should separate into two layers, the top one being brick-red
34 of 55
What does the Xylem transport?
Water & Minerals
35 of 55
What does the Phloem transport?
Sucrose & Amino Acids
36 of 55
What process is the Xylem part of?
Transpiration stream
37 of 55
What process is the Phloem part of?
Translocation
38 of 55
What is Transpiration?
The movement of water up the plant against gravity
39 of 55
What factors affect the rate of transpiration?
Light, Temperature, Wind & Humidity
40 of 55
What does the stomata do?
A tiny hole that allows gases to move in and out
41 of 55
What does the Waxy cuticle do?
Prevents water loss
42 of 55
What do the air spaces do?
Allows room for gases
43 of 55
What does the Spongy Mesophyll do?
Large surface area for gas exchange
44 of 55
What does the Palisade Mesophyll do?
Layer of cells that are close to the light, packed with chloroplasts
45 of 55
What do chloroplasts do?
Contains stacks of membranes & chlorophyll to give and increased surface are for photosynthesis
46 of 55
What does the epidermis do?
Protective Layer & clear to allow light through
47 of 55
Define Tissue
A group of specialised cells carrying out the same function
48 of 55
Define Cell
The biological unit of all organisms
49 of 55
Define Organ
A group of different tissues working together to carry out a particular unction
50 of 55
Define Organ System
A group of organs workings together to carry out a particular function
51 of 55
Define Ventilation
The movement of air into and out of the lungs
52 of 55
Define Gas Exchange
The 'swapping' of gases between the alveolar air and the blood
53 of 55
What do the inter-coastal muscles do?
These move the ribcage up and down
54 of 55
What do the Diaphragm muscles do?
These contract to move the diaphragm down
55 of 55

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does the Gullet do?

Back

Tube that contracts to push food down to the stomach

Card 3

Front

What does the Large intestine do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does the liver do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where does the food go?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Cells, tissues and organs resources »