Organic reactions

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  • Created by: Maisie
  • Created on: 12-05-14 22:04
Reactants, catalysts & conditions for ALKENE -> ALKANE
H2 + alkene, Ni catalyst (high temp & ATM) or Pt catalyst
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Reactants and conditions for HALOGENOALKANE -> ALCOHOL/CYANOALKANE
H20/KCN + halogenoalkane, reflux for alcohol
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Catalysts and conditions for ALCOHOL -> ALKENE
Alcohol + either Al catalyst (high temp) or conc. H2SO4 (reflux)
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Reactants and conditions for ALCOHOL -> BROMOALKANE
Alcohol + either conc. H2SO4 with NaBr (reflux) or HBr
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Reactants for ALCOHOL -> CHLOROALKANE
Conc. HCl + alcohol
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Reactants and conditions for ALDEHYDE/KETONE -> CYANOHYDRIN
HCN + aldehyde/ketone, alkali conditions
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Reactants and conditions for HALOGENOALKANE -> AMINE
Halogenoalkane + conc. NH3, heat in sealed tube
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Reactants, catalysts and conditions for ALKENE -> ALCOHOL
H2O + alkene, phosphoric acid (high temp & ATM) or H2SO4 then H2O
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Reactants and conditions for ESTER -> CARBOXYLIC ACID
Ester + moderately conc. HCl, reflux
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Reactants for PRIMARY AMINE -> SECONDARY
Acyl chloride + amine
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Reactants and conditions for ALKENE -> ADDITION POLYMER
Alkene + trace O2, high temp & ATM
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Reactants and conditions for ALKENE -> BROMOALKANE
Alkene + conc. HBr or Br2 in organic solvent, room temp.
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Reactants and conditions for ACYL CHLORIDE -> AMIDE
Acyl chloride + conc. NH3 or R-NH2, room temp.
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Catalyst and conditions for ALCOHOL + CARBOXYLIC ACID -> ESTER
Conc. H2SO4, reflux
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Reactants and conditons for ACID ANHYDRIDE/ACYL CHLORIDE -> ESTER
Acid anhydride/acyl chloride + alcohol/phenol, anhydrous conditions
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Reactants and conditions for HALOGENOALKANE -> ALCOHOL/CYANOALKANE

Back

H20/KCN + halogenoalkane, reflux for alcohol

Card 3

Front

Catalysts and conditions for ALCOHOL -> ALKENE

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Reactants and conditions for ALCOHOL -> BROMOALKANE

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Reactants for ALCOHOL -> CHLOROALKANE

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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