Organic chemistry definitions

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Rory
  • Created on: 05-02-14 10:48
Hydrocarbon
Compound of carbon and hydrogen only
1 of 14
Saturated
Hydrocarbon with only single bonds
2 of 14
Unsaturated
Hydrocarbon with carbon to carbon multiple bonds
3 of 14
Aliphatic
Carbon atoms are in straight or branched chains
4 of 14
Alicyclic
Carbon atoms are in a ring
5 of 14
Functional group
The part responsible for chemical properties
6 of 14
Homologous series
a group of compounds containing the same functional group
7 of 14
Alkanes
Saturated straight chain hydrocarbons general formula CnH2n+2
8 of 14
Alkyl group
Alkane with a hydrogen atom removed
9 of 14
Alkene
Unsaturated hydrocarbon with a double bond
10 of 14
General formula
Simplest algebraic formula for a hydrocarbon series
11 of 14
Displayed formula
Shows the relative positioning of atoms and bonds
12 of 14
Structural formula
The minimal detail for the arrangement of atoms
13 of 14
Skeletal formula
Simplified organic formula with hydrogens removed so there is a carbon skeleton and functional groups
14 of 14

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Hydrocarbon with only single bonds

Back

Saturated

Card 3

Front

Hydrocarbon with carbon to carbon multiple bonds

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Carbon atoms are in straight or branched chains

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Carbon atoms are in a ring

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Organic resources »