Organic Synthesis

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Reaction of alkane to haloalkane
Radical substitution
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Radical Substitution conditions
UV light
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Radical Substitution reagents
Halogen
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Alkene to Alkane reaction
Hydrogenation
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Hydrogenation Conditions
423K & nickel catalyst
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Hydrogenation reagents
Hydrogen
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Alkene to Haloalkane reaction
Electrophillic addition
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Electrophillic addition reagents
Bromine or hyrdogen bromide
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Major product of Electrophillic addition
Intermediate with more stable carbocation
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Alkene to alcohol reaction
Hydration
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Hydration conditions
Phosphoric acid
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Hydration reagent
Steam (vaporised water)
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Alcohol to alkene
Dehydration
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Dehydration conditions
Phosphoric acid & reflux
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Haloalkane to alcohol
Nucleophillic substitution
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Nucleophillic substitution conditions
Reflux
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Nucleophillic substitutions reagents
Sodium hydroxide - OH ions
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Alcohol to haloalkane
Substitution reaction
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Substitution reaction conditions
Reflux
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Substitution reaction reagents
Sodium bromide and sulfuric acid
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Complete combustion of alkane equation
CxHy + (x+0.25*y)O2 ----> xCO2 + 0.5*yH2O
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Oxidation of primary alcohol under distillation produces
Aldehyde
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Test for aldehyde
Oxidises further (orange to green)
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Oxidation of secondary alcohol produces
Ketone
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Conditions for Ketone
Reflux, potassium dichromate & sulfuric acid
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Oxidation of primary alcohol under reflux produces
Carboxylic acid
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Test for carboxylic acid
pH & carbonate test
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Radical Substitution conditions

Back

UV light

Card 3

Front

Radical Substitution reagents

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Alkene to Alkane reaction

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Hydrogenation Conditions

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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