Organic Reactions I

Halogenoalkane -> Alkene
Elimination; NaOH or KOH in ethanol; heat
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(primary) Alcohol -> Aldehyde
Oxidation; K2Cr2O7(limited) and H2SO4; distillation; heat; colour change: orange -> green
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Alkene -> Diol
Oxidation; acidified KMnO4; room temperature; colour change: purple -> colourless
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Alkane -> Halogenoalkane
Free radical substitution; UV light; halogen
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Aldehyde -> Carboxylic Acid
Oxidation; K2Cr2O7(excess) and H2SO4; reflux; heat; colour change: orange -> green
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Alkene -> Chloroalkane
Electrophilic addition; for a dihalogenoalkane: Cl2; for a monohalogenoalkane: HCl(g) - NaCl(s) + conc H2SO4
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Alkene -> Bromoalkane
Electrophilic addition; for a dihalogenoalkane: Br2; for a monohalogenoalkane: Hbr(g) - NaBr(s) + 50% H2SO4
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Alkene -> Iodoalkane
Electrophilic addition; for a dihalogenoalkane: I2; for a monohalogenoalkane: HI(g)
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Halogenoalkane -> Alcohol
Nucleophilic substitution; NaOH or KOH; hot; aqueous
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Alkene -> Alcohol
Hydration; steam; H3PO4 or H2SO4 (acid catalyst)
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(secondary) Alcohol -> Ketone
Oxidation; K2Cr2O7(excess); H2SO4; distillation; heat
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Alkene -> Polyalkene
Polymerisation
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Alcohol - Chloroalkane
Nucleophilic substitution; PCl5 [observation: misty fumes of HCl(g)]
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Alcohol - Bromoalkane
Nucleophilic substitution; HBr(g) (KBr + 50% H2SO4); heat
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Alcohol -> Iodoalkane
Nucleophilic substitution; I2 and red phosphorous; heat
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(primary) Alcohol -> Carboxylic Acid
Oxidation; K2Cr2O7(excess); H2SO4; reflux; heat; colour change: orange -> green
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Alkene -> Alkane
Hydrogenation; H2(g); heat; nickel/platinum (catalyst)
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Halogenoalkane -> Nitrile
Nucleophilic substitution; KCN in ethanol; heat; reflux
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Halogenoalkane -> Primary Amine
Nucleophilic substitution; conc NH3(excess) in ethanol; heat; sealed tube
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Alkane -> Alkene
Cracking; Al2O; heat; observation: gas produced turns bromine water from brown to colourless
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Alcohol -> Alkene
Dehydration; heat; H3PO4 or H2SO4 (acid catalyst); gas collecting apparatus
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Nitrile -> Carboxylic Acid
Hydrolysis; aqueous HCl; heat (byproduct - ammonium ions)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

(primary) Alcohol -> Aldehyde

Back

Oxidation; K2Cr2O7(limited) and H2SO4; distillation; heat; colour change: orange -> green

Card 3

Front

Alkene -> Diol

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Alkane -> Halogenoalkane

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Aldehyde -> Carboxylic Acid

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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