Organic Chemistry

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  • Created by: Laelle
  • Created on: 13-05-16 14:40
What is a homologus series?
A series of organic compounds with the same functional group but members differ by a CH2 unit
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What is a functional group?
A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions of a compound
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What is an aliphatic hydrocarbon?
Carbon atoms joined together in a straight branched/unbranched chain
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What is an alicyclic hydrocarbon?
Carbon atoms joined in a ring structure, but not aromatic
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What is an aromatic hydocarbon?
Contains at least one benzene ring
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What is the formula for alkanes?
CnH2n+2
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What is the formula for alkenes?
CnH2n
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What is an alkyl?
An alkane with a H atom removed
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What is the formula for alkyl groups?
CnH2n+1
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What does the suffix contain?
The most important functional group
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Formula for ketones?
C-CO-C
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Formula for aldehydes?
CHO
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Formula for carboxylic acids?
COOH
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What is the general formula?
The simplest algebraic formula for all compounds in a homologus series
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What is the displayed formula?
Shows the relative positions of all atoms and the bonds between them
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What is the structural formula?
Gives the minimum detail for the arrangement of atoms
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What is the skeletal formula?
Simplified version of structural formula, drawn by removing hydrogen atoms from alkyl chains
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What is the empirical formula?
The simplest whole-number ratio of atoms of elements in compound
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What is the molecular formula?
Shows the numbers and types of atoms in a compound
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a functional group?

Back

A group of atoms responsible for the characteristic reactions of a compound

Card 3

Front

What is an aliphatic hydrocarbon?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an alicyclic hydrocarbon?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is an aromatic hydocarbon?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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