Organelles and functions

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Nucleus
Contains genetic material
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Nuclear pores
Allow mRNA molecules to pass from nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm
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Nucleolus
Assembles the ribosomes
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Ribosomes
Site of protein synthesis
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RER
Holds the ribosomes and provides a large surface area for protein synthesis
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Smooth ER
Associated with storage, synthesis and transport of lipids and carbs
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Golgi body
Modifies proteins made in the ribosomes, can add a carb group and repackages proteins into vesicles to be secreted
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Centrioles
Involved in organisation of microtubules that make up cytoskeleton and form the spindle used to move chromosomes in nuclear division
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Cytoskeleton
Network of microtubules and microfilaments, provides support and structure for the cell, enables movement of organelles inside the cell and movement of the whole cell
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Flagella
Large extension of cell surface membrane containing microtubules (eukaryotes only) and able to move fluids (to help cell move)
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Cilia
Small hair like extension of c.s.m containing microtubules, large numbers work in sync and are able to move mucus across a surface
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Lysosomes
Small vacuoles containing hydrolytic or lytic enzymes
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Mitochondria
Site of aerobic respiration
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Chloroplasts
Site of photosynthesis
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Nuclear pores

Back

Allow mRNA molecules to pass from nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm

Card 3

Front

Nucleolus

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Ribosomes

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

RER

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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