Organ Systems - Major Organs and Functions

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What are the major organs of the integumentary system?
Skin, hair, sweat glands, nails
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What are the major organs of the skeletal system?
Bones, cartilage, associated ligaments, bone marrow
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What are the major organs of the muscular system?
Skeletal muscles, associated tendons
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What are the major organs of the nervous system?
Brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, sense organs
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What are the major organs of the endocrine system?
Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands, gonads, encrine tissues in other systems
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What are the major organs of the cardiovascular system?
Heart, blood, blood vessels
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What are the major organs of the lymphatic system?
Spleen, thymus, lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, tonsils
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What are the major organs of the respiratory system?
Nasal cavities, sinuses, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli
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What are the major organs of the digestive system?
Teeth, tongue, pharynx, oesophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
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What are the major organs of the urinary system?
Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
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What are the major organs of the male reproductive system?
Testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, penis, scrotum
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What are the major organs of the female reproductive system?
Ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, labia, ********, mammary glands
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What are the functions of the integumentary system?
Protects against environmental hazards, helps regulate body temp, provides sensory info
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What are the functions of the skeletal system?
Provides support and protection for tissues, stores calcium and other minerals, forms blood cells
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What are the functions of the muscular system?
Movement, protection and support for tissues, generates heat to help maintain body temp
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What are the functions of the nervous system?
Directs immediate responses to stimuli, coordinates/moderates activities of organ systems, provides and interprets sensory info about external conditions
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What are the functions of the endocrine system?
Directs long-term changes in activities of organ systems, adjusts metabolic activity and energy, controls structural and functional changes during development
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What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?
Distributes blood cells, water and dissolved materials including waste, oxygen and carbon dioxide - distributes heat and assists in control of body temp
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What are the functions of the lymphatic system?
Defence against infection and disease, returns tissue fluids to bloodstream
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What are the functions of the respiratory system?
Delivers air to alveoli, provides oxygen to bloodstream, removes carbon dioxide from bloodstream, produces sounds for communication
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What are the functions of the digestive system?
processes and digests food, absorbs and conserves water, absorbs nutrients, stores energy reserves
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What are the functions of the urinary system?
Excretes waste from blood, controls water balance by volume of urine, stores urine prior to voluntary elimination, regulates blood ion concentrations and pH
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What are the functions of the male reproductive system?
Produces male sex cells (sperm) seminal fluids and hormones, sexual intercourse
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What are the functions of the female reproductive system?
Produces female sex cells (oocytes) and hormones, supports developing embryo from conception to delivery, provides milk, sexual intercourse
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Card 2

Front

What are the major organs of the skeletal system?

Back

Bones, cartilage, associated ligaments, bone marrow

Card 3

Front

What are the major organs of the muscular system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the major organs of the nervous system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the major organs of the endocrine system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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