Optimistic explanatory style

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What is explanatory style?
How someone explains to themselves why they experience a particular event
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What is learned optimism?
Suggestion by Seligman that if you can learn helplessness
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How can we define optimism?
Attribute temporary and external causes for bad events, internalise success
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How can we define pessimism?
Take a long time to get over bad events, internalise failures
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What is the study relating to dogs?
Shuttle box avoidance (1972)
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What did they find?
That some dogs would learn to be helpless and would not jump to the next box to avoid a shock
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What is explanatory style based on?
Weiner's attribution theory
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What is a benefit of pessimism?
Can aid realism
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What is an advantage optimist?
They have more self-confidence, better health and greater sporting achievement
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What does the A stand for in Seligman's ABCDE model
Adversity
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What does the B stand for in Seligman's ABCDE model
Belief
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What does the C stand for?
Consequence
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What does the D stand for?
Disputation
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What does the E stand for?
Energisation
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What is a criticism of the ABCDE model?
Very American
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What is positive psychology?
Developed by Seligman 1988, uses scientific understanding to aid satisfactory life opposed to curing mental illness
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What are the three positives:
Experience, Individual traits, institutions
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What did Seligman's 2005 study entail?
3 tasks
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What were they?
Gratitude letters, 3 good things, identifying and using strengths
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What were the results?
3 good things was effective in reducing depression score for 6 months, 24 characteristics was best for reducing depression score overall
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What does this show?
That optimism can improve life
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is learned optimism?

Back

Suggestion by Seligman that if you can learn helplessness

Card 3

Front

How can we define optimism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How can we define pessimism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the study relating to dogs?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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