Optical Isomerism

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What is a stereoisomer? (2)
A species with the same structural formula but a different of the atoms in space
1 of 10
What is a chiral carbon? (1)
A carbon attached to 4 different atoms or groups of atoms
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What process are molecules with chiral carbons involved in? (1)
Optical isomerism
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What is another name for 'non superimposable mirror image'? (1)
Optical isomer/enantiomer
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How do optical isomers occur? (3)
If a molecule has a chiral centre, then 2 mirror image arrangements are possible in space. They cannot be placed over eachother
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What is the difference between optical isomers? (1)
They roatate plane-polarised light in different directions.
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True or false: Optical isomers are not chemically identical. (1)
False. Optical isomers are chemically identical
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How many optical isomers can form for each chiral carbon? (1)
2
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What shape should optical isomers be drawn as? (1)
Tetrahedral
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Most naturally occurring alpha amino acids are optically active. Name an example of the exception to this.
Glycine
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A carbon attached to 4 different atoms or groups of atoms

Back

What is a chiral carbon? (1)

Card 3

Front

Optical isomerism

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Optical isomer/enantiomer

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

If a molecule has a chiral centre, then 2 mirror image arrangements are possible in space. They cannot be placed over eachother

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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Comments

lia997

very useful summary:)

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