1. Which is not an 'Aristotle Four Causes'?
- Final causes
- Efficient causes
- Materical causes
- Informal causes
- Formal causes
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2. What did Haile et al not conclude?
- SedaDNA however needs to have been undisturbed since deposition and that the DNA has not migrated between strata.
- Samples from modern environment samples is used to detect secretive organisms present at low densities, and this can be extended to extinct megafauna
- SedaDNA should now only be used and not the use of macrofossil dating
- Revelation of mega-fauna and human overlap in the Americas shows that over continents should be reassessed too.
3. Which is not a feature of the Journal of Biogeography commentary (2005) Goodbye Gondwana?
- But there is no reason why dispersalist universe with a much diminished role for Gondwana cannot be as appealing with each taxon having its unique history a complex network of relationships reaching across the entire globe
- The land that time forgot, or the ancient dinosaur forests of the NZ, unchanged for 600myr
- Unchanging Gondwanic heritage is an important cultural icon
- The southern end of the world is where the two central ideas of historical biogeography, vicariance and dispersal, have had their most intense encounter
4. Which is not a feature of Trewick et al (2007) Hello New Zealand?
- Whether modern NZ has a terrestrial link through time with the continent Zealandia or whether NZ present terrestrial existence is the product of tectonic activity initiated around 2.6 Ma?
- Oceanic islands, generally the products of volcanic activity, provide natural experiments as biological populations are well delimited and the age of islands can be determined using radiometric dating.
- There is decreasing evidence from molecular data that much of this biodiversity is the product of evolution following relatively recent colonization
- It is widely accepted that the flora and fauna is primarily ancient and of vicariant Gondwannan origin
5. Which is not a feature of Lavers, Why Elephants have big ears? (For birds)
- The age of the mammals is a period of diversification over the past 70 million years and also the age of the birds. Evolution of still in the age of dinosaurs?
- Birds are driven by powerful metabolic engines, maintain their bodies at a high/constant temps and have extremely high aerobic capacities (39-42'C) Warm blooded
- Their wing size has decreased over the years for better flights and their beaks have adapted regarding their change in diet