Offences against property - robbery

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What is the act and section number for robbery?
Theft Act 1968 section 8
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What is the actus reus?
Theft and uses/threats force immediately before/at time of theft in order to steal
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What is the first thing robbery requires?
The mr and ar of theft (R v Robinson)
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Who decides wether D's conduct amounted to force/threat of force?
Question of fact for jury
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What did R v Dawson and James say?
Force need not be significant or strong
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Does force have to be applied to person?
Can be applied to property (R v Clouden)
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Is there a requirement that V is actually frightened?
No - B&R v DPP
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What did R v Bentham say?
Sufficient for D to threaten to use force in order to put D in fear of force
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Is appropriation a continuing act?
Yes R v Hale
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What if D uses force for reason other than theft?
Subsequent theft will not be robbery
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What must the prosecution prove for mens rea?
Mens rea for theft and D intended to use force to steal or D intended to threaten to use force to steal
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Card 2

Front

What is the actus reus?

Back

Theft and uses/threats force immediately before/at time of theft in order to steal

Card 3

Front

What is the first thing robbery requires?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who decides wether D's conduct amounted to force/threat of force?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did R v Dawson and James say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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