Ocuupation theorists

  • Created by: G-Hobbs
  • Created on: 08-06-18 10:57
Grice (1967)
Quality - should tell the truth. Quantity - should be as informative as is required. Relevance - contributions should relate to the purpose of the exchange. Manner - clear, orderly and brief, avoiding ambiguity.
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Giles (1973)
Accomodation theory = Convergence - language towards speakers; divergence - language away from speakers
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Drew and Heritage (1992)
members of a discourse community share inferential frameworks, consisting of implicit ways of thinking, communicating and behaving. hierarchies of power within organisations, with asymmetrical relationships marked by language use
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French and Raven (1959)
Legitimate power –position and responsibilities. Referent power –interpersonal skills. Expert power –skills and strengths. Reward power –ability to reward those who follow. Coercive power – use of negative influences
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Pateman (1980)
Oppressive – the open expression of power. Repressive – exercising coercive power while minimising overt status differences, and emphasising solidarity, to gain compliance and good will.
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Koester (2004)
Phatic Talk - establish interpersonal relationships = effective working. Solidarity - the ability to connect with one’s workmates – is an important dimension in workplace communication.
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Erving Goffman (1959)
face = public self image needing protection. positive = desire to be liked; negative = desire to not be opposed upon, “freedom of action and freedom from imposition”.
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Brown and Levenson (1978)
face threatening acts - bold-on = nothing to minimize threats. Positive Politeness - recognize hearer has a desire to be respected. Negative politeness - recognizes imposing on them. Off-record indirect - avoid the directly asking, indirect requests
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Swales (2011)
Share a set of common goals. Communicate internally, using and ‘owning’ one or more genres of communication. Use specialist lexis and discourse. Possess a required level of knowledge and skill to be considered eligible to participate in the community
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Card 2

Front

Accomodation theory = Convergence - language towards speakers; divergence - language away from speakers

Back

Giles (1973)

Card 3

Front

members of a discourse community share inferential frameworks, consisting of implicit ways of thinking, communicating and behaving. hierarchies of power within organisations, with asymmetrical relationships marked by language use

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Legitimate power –position and responsibilities. Referent power –interpersonal skills. Expert power –skills and strengths. Reward power –ability to reward those who follow. Coercive power – use of negative influences

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Oppressive – the open expression of power. Repressive – exercising coercive power while minimising overt status differences, and emphasising solidarity, to gain compliance and good will.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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