OCR Geography - The Energy Issue

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Where is oil most common ?
Middle east has 50% (1,208,00 million barrels)
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What country is the largest user of Oil ?
USA
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Where is the major source of coal ?
Asia pacific 50% (Over 3 trillion tonnes)
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Largest natural gas resource ?
Europe and Eurasia 33%
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5 Physical factors that influence energy supply
1. Climate 2. Water Supply 3. Vegetation type and volume 4.Tidal Range 5.Geology
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6 Economic influences on energy supply
1. Technology 2. Demand 3. Site 4. Transport 5. Cost of fuels/operation 6. Waste Disposal
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3 Social influences on energy supply
1. Safety 2. Noise 3. Pollution
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6 Political influences
1. Agreement with neighbours 2. Security 3. Anti-pollution agreements 4. Opposition from voters 5. Quotas on renewables 6. Cost
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What is energy mix ?
The relative contribution of different energy sources to a countries energy production or consumption.
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What is the relationship between energy use and economic development ?
As economies develop - demand for energy increases. There is a positive correlation between economic development and energy use, as one increases, so does the other.
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Why is energy demand increasing ?
Increased SOL, Increased population, Changing lifestyles i.e. Computers, Increased mobility, Changing technology
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What are the economic issues associated with increased demand for energy
Cost of power stations, Shortage of skilled workers, rising cost of energy, regional inequalities based on energy resources, energy is needed to develop
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What are the social issues with increased demand for energy ?
Health problems for people near stations / Pylons, energy poverty - old and poor at risk
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What are the enviromental issues with increased demand for energy ?
Fossil fuel combustion is a major contributor to global warming, Pollution from oil leaks, firewood demand can cause deforestation, Visual pollution, River problems
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What are the political issues with increased demand for energy ?
Energy wars, energy colonialisation
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How can energy be managed ?
Managing energy supply is about balancing socio-economic and environmental needs. This requires detailed planning and management
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What is sustainability ?
Meeting our needs while not compromising the capacity of future generations to meet their nees.
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Name 6 renewable energy resources
Solar - Wind - Biomass - Geothermal - Tidal - Wave
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What country is the largest user of Oil ?

Back

USA

Card 3

Front

Where is the major source of coal ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Largest natural gas resource ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

5 Physical factors that influence energy supply

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

Mr A Gibson

Clear and concise, some essential definitions and facts that you need for this topic. Get them downloaded!

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