OCR Democracy and Dictatorship in Germany 1919-63 - Creation of the Weimar Republic 2

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  • Created by: Abi_B
  • Created on: 19-05-16 10:17
Causes of the German revolution?
Sailors worried about a suicide attack to restore honour - realised the war was lost - national shock at news of Germany's military defeat - Anger over difficult conditions - October reforms failed to impress
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What happened during the revolution?
Sailors refused to obey orders. Government lost control. Mutiny spread across ports all over Germany. Turned into a revolutionary movement.
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Consequences of the revolution?
Workers' and soldiers' councils set up, supported by left wing working class - Kaiser went into exile in the Netherlands
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What does 'left wing' mean?
Radical, socialist side of parliament
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Who were the 3 main strands of the left wing movement?
SPD, Spartacists and the USPD
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When Von Baden left, who led the new left wing coalition government?
Friedrich Ebert
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What does 'coalition government mean?
Formed when a party does not have an overall majority, so joins with another party and shares power.
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Who made up the coalition?
The SPD - run by Ebert - and the USPD.
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What were Ebert's main problems?
Socio-economic, left wing and right wing opposition, military
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What was the Ebert-Groener agreement?
An agreement that the army would help support the government, keeping it stable, and in return, the government would help put down revolutionary socialism and keep the authority of army officers
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What was the Stinnes-Legien agreement?
An agreement that trade unions wouldn't interfere with privately owned businesses, in return workers could create committees and only work an 8 hour day.
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When was the Spartacist revolt?
January 1919
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What happened during the Spartacist revolt?
Launched an armed rising in Berlin, trying to overthrow the government to create a soviet republic.
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Was it successful?
No, it was easily defeated, with 100 people killed and little chance of success in the first place. The leaders were then murdered in police custody.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What happened during the revolution?

Back

Sailors refused to obey orders. Government lost control. Mutiny spread across ports all over Germany. Turned into a revolutionary movement.

Card 3

Front

Consequences of the revolution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does 'left wing' mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who were the 3 main strands of the left wing movement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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