OCD

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Main characterisitcs
is anxiety, which arise from obsessions and compulsions. Typically it begins in young adult life
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Obsessions
are recurrent, intrusive, disturbing thoughts or impulses that are perceived as innapropriate or forbbiden. there are percieved as uncontrollable . E.G. germs are everywhere.
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Compulsions
are repetitive behaviours or mental acts that reduce the anxiety that accompanoes an obession or 'prevents; some dreaded event from happening. E.G. handwashing
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Diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV) obsessions
Obsessions are characteriseds as 1, recurrent and persistant thoughts, impulses or images that are disturbing and cause anxiet. 2. the thoughs are not simply excessive everyday worries about real life problems.
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Diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV) obsessions
3. the person attempts to ignore or supress such thoughs, impulses or images, or to neutralise them with some other thought or action. 4. the person recognises that the obsessional thoughs are not a producte of his/her own mind
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Diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV) Compulsions
1. repetative behaviour or mental act that the person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession. 2. the behaviours or mental acts are aimed to reduce distress or prevent and dreaded event from happening and are clearly excessive
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Diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV)
B0 at someone they recognise that the obsessions/compulsions are excessive or unreasonable. C) O/C are time consuming or interfer in daily life.
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Issues of Reliability (consitency of a measuring instrument)
can be measured in terms of whether two independent assessors give similar score (inter-rater) or whether the test items are consistent (internal)
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Issues of Reliability (research evidence )
Y-BOCS - Woody et al assessed 54 patients with OCD using Y-BOCS and found good internal consistency. inter-rater reliability was excellent.
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Issues with Validity (extent to whcih a diagnosis represents something that is real and distinct and whether it measures what it claims to measure)
Discriminant Validity (ability of diagnosis to distingush between OCD and other conditions). Rosenfeld et
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Card 2

Front

are recurrent, intrusive, disturbing thoughts or impulses that are perceived as innapropriate or forbbiden. there are percieved as uncontrollable . E.G. germs are everywhere.

Back

Obsessions

Card 3

Front

are repetitive behaviours or mental acts that reduce the anxiety that accompanoes an obession or 'prevents; some dreaded event from happening. E.G. handwashing

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Obsessions are characteriseds as 1, recurrent and persistant thoughts, impulses or images that are disturbing and cause anxiet. 2. the thoughs are not simply excessive everyday worries about real life problems.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

3. the person attempts to ignore or supress such thoughs, impulses or images, or to neutralise them with some other thought or action. 4. the person recognises that the obsessional thoughs are not a producte of his/her own mind

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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