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2. What are Obsessions?

  • Intrusive and reoccurring thoughts (disturbing and uncontrollable)
  • Repetitive/Ritualized Behaviour to prevent negative outcome
  • Being addicted to something

3. What is the Exposure part of ERP?

  • Habit Reversal
  • Graded exposure to thought that triggers distress (planned so their triggers decrease)
  • Consistent exposure to thought that triggers distress (planned so their triggers decrease)
  • Behaviour modification

4. What are biological factors in OCD?

  • Inactivity of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and abnormal functioning in certain brain regions - Frontal lobes and basil ganglia
  • Inactivity of neurotransmitters such as serotonin and abnormal functioning in certain brain regions - Frontal lobes and corpus callosum
  • Inactivity of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and abnormal functioning in certain brain regions - Frontal lobes and basil ganglia

5. What is 'Neutralisation' ?

  • Sufferer tries to "undo" a thought or behaviour believed to be dangerous by performing it more regularly
  • Sufferer tries to "undo" a thought or behaviour believed to be dangerous by neutralising it with another behaviour or thought (e.g. changing the meaning of the thought, doing the opposite action or thinking “good” thoughts
  • Exposing patient to what triggers them

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