Occupational Psychology

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  • Created by: The Shrew
  • Created on: 10-01-16 20:14
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Level of general ability
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Herbert Spence
Eugenics
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Michael Arthur
'Boundariless Career'
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Psychologies 4 goals
Describe behaviour/ Explain behaviour/ predict behaviour/ make lasting impact
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Magazine quizzes/ lay psychologists
Generalise personality as explanation of behaviour
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4 Approaches to personality traits
Psychodynamic/ humanistic/ states/ biological
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Taylorism
Scientific management
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Frank and Lillian Gilbreth
Best way of laying bricks, handling materials, training apprentices, improving methods, lowering costs and increasing wages
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Munsterberg
Demands of jobs match mental capabilities
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Goal setting theory- 2 orientations
Approach oriented/ Avoidant orientated
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Social Capital Theory
Group work from young age/ networking/ measured by number of contacts rather than quality
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Networks
Capital that exists between individuals
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Social capital bonding and social capital bridging
1) Intelligence (important at beginning) 2) networking in different groups/ personality (more impact later on)
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Personality test/ Aptitude test/ Cognitive ability test
1) preferred behavioural tendencies 2) ability in skill or knowledge 3) cognitive function in specific area
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Binet
IQ test- mental age/ chronological age
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Women assigned jobs that suit personalities
Myers-Briggs Indicator (never used in psychology)
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Cattell
16 factors of personality
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Costa and McCrea
Big 5- Extraversion Neuroticism Consientiouness Agreeableness Openness
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Eysenck
Biological dimentions of personality- based on primarily physiology and genetics
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2 mindsets
Fixed mindset- intelligence static, brain most active when receiving results and grades, won't confront difficulty/ Growth mindset- intelligence can be developed, brain most active when given info about what they could do better
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Therapist/ Mentor/ Coach
1) helps client overcome issues 2) advise and guide 3) client has answers, challenged while supported
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Solution focused approach
Goal orientated, not problem, conflicting evidence for efficacy
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Rational emotional approach
Challenges irrational, good evidence for efficacy
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Cognitive behavioural approach
collaborative and scaffolded, people aware of emotions, 'mind over mood',strong evidence for efficacy
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Neurolinguistic programming
encompasses human experience to neurology, language and programming/ self hypnosis/ no efficacy/ pseudoscience
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SOMA
Dweck's Mindset and Goal setting- setting, operating, monitoring, achievement
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Burnette et al- Implicit theories
Incremental theories- master-oriented strategies, learning goals/ entity theories- helpless oriented strategies, performance goals
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Herbert Spence

Back

Eugenics

Card 3

Front

Michael Arthur

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Psychologies 4 goals

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Magazine quizzes/ lay psychologists

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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