Occupation

Swales
Discourse community. .
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Features of discourse community
Members: share common goals, use specialised lexis and discourse, posses a required level of knowledge to participate in community.
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Community of Practice
Alternative term for discourse community. - Groups linked through shared knowledge, craft or skill. Can either be a professional group (chef/teachers) or one of common interest (LEET/Twilight)
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Nelson
Studied business lexis.
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Nelson's findings
Semantic field of business, e.g money, companies, places/times of business meetings etc. Found little reference to personal issues, society, and families.
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Drew and Heritage
Hierarchy in the workplace
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Drew and Heritage findings
Members of discourse community share inferential frameworks (knowledge built up and used). Suggested hierarchy in organisations with many asymetrical relationships (unequal). Workplace interaction is affected by this (talk to boss differently)
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Koester
Phatic talk (small talk)
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Koester's findings
Phatic talk is important in getting the job done, participation in the community, interacting efficiently. Workers need to establish interpersonal relationships that are not just about work.
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Kim and Elder
Korean air pilots working with American colleagues.
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Kim and Elder's findings
Difficulties in communication due to native speaker abbreviating or elaborating unnecessarily, or using N-SE forms. Lead to miscommunication as well as idiomatic expressions.
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Tenor
Social relationships occured in communication (mum and child, or doctor and patient)
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Role of tenor in occupation
For example with teacher/student, asymetrical relationships can be seen with the hierarchal status of teachers. - Use imperatives such as 'do this', and lead the interrogatives/turn taking. Class group has to have required set of knowledge.
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Occupation lexis examples
Dentist: 'bridge, teeth, fillings'. Legalese (specialised lexis) 'guilty, defendants.' likely to reference legislations.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Members: share common goals, use specialised lexis and discourse, posses a required level of knowledge to participate in community.

Back

Features of discourse community

Card 3

Front

Alternative term for discourse community. - Groups linked through shared knowledge, craft or skill. Can either be a professional group (chef/teachers) or one of common interest (LEET/Twilight)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Studied business lexis.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Semantic field of business, e.g money, companies, places/times of business meetings etc. Found little reference to personal issues, society, and families.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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