obedience: situational variables

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  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 04-05-18 12:26
proximity- part 1
in milgram's original study, the teacher and learner were in the adjoining rooms. the teacher could hear the learner but not see him. in the proximity variation, teacher and learner wer ein the same room and the obedience rate dropped from 65% to 40%
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proximity- part 2
in the touch proximity variation,,the teacher had to force the learner's hand onto a shock plate. the obedience rate dropped to 30%.
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proximity- part 3
in the remote- instruction proximity variation, the experimenter left the room and gave instructions by telephone. the obedience rate dropped again to 20.5%. the participants pretended to give shocks or gave weaker ones.
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location- part 1
the location of the obedience study was a run-down building rather than the prestigious univerisity setting where it was originally conducted.
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location- part 2
obedience fell to 47.5%. this indicates that the experimenter had less authority in this setting.
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uniform- part 1
in the variation the experimenter was called away because of an inconvenient telephone call right at the start of the procedure. the role of the experimenter was taken over by an ordinary member of the public in everyday clothes rather than lab coat.
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uniform part 2
the obedience rate dropped to 20%, the lowest of these variations. this suggests that uniform does act as a strong visual authority symbol and a cue to behave in an obedient manner.
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strength 1- replicated in other cultures
Miranda et al (1981) found over 90% obedience in spanish students Milgram's findings are not limited to American males. however, Smith and Bond (1998) note that most replications have taken place in western societies.
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limitation 1- lack internal validity
Orne and Holland (1968) suggest participants in Milgram's variations were more likely to realise the procedure was faked because of the extra experimental manipulation.
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strength 2- control of variables
milgram systematically altered one variable at a time to test effects on obedience. other variables were kept constant as the study was replicated many times with over 1000 participants.
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Card 2

Front

in the touch proximity variation,,the teacher had to force the learner's hand onto a shock plate. the obedience rate dropped to 30%.

Back

proximity- part 2

Card 3

Front

in the remote- instruction proximity variation, the experimenter left the room and gave instructions by telephone. the obedience rate dropped again to 20.5%. the participants pretended to give shocks or gave weaker ones.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the location of the obedience study was a run-down building rather than the prestigious univerisity setting where it was originally conducted.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

obedience fell to 47.5%. this indicates that the experimenter had less authority in this setting.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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