Obedience: Milgram's research (PAGE 16)

  • Created by: danpurdy1
  • Created on: 26-02-17 10:18
Who researched obedience?
Stanley Milgram
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In what year did Milgram research obedience?
1963
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How many participants did Milgram recruit?
40 male participants through newspaper ads and postal flyers (volunteer sample)
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What did the participants think the name of the study was?
A memory study
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How old were participants?
Aged between 20 and 50 years old
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What jobs did participants have?
Ranged from unskilled to proffesional
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Did the participants get paid $4.50 for just turning up?
Yes
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What was the three roles in Milgram's study?
Learner, Teacher, Experimentor
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Who was always the learner?
A confederate
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Who was always the teacher?
A true participant
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Who was always the experimenter?
A confederate who wore a lab coat
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What was the participants told?
That they could leave the study at any time
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Where was the learner?
He was strapped into a chair in another room and wired with electrodes
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What did the teacher have to give?
The learner an increasingly severe electric 'shock' each time he made a mistake on a task (learning word pairs)
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What was the teachers not told?
That the shocks were all fake and the learner was an actor
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What voltage did shocks start at?
15 volts (labelled 'slight shock' on the machine)
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What voltage did the shocks end at?
450 volts (labelled 'danger - severe shock' on the machine)
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What did the learner do at 300 volts ('intense shock')?
Pounded on the wall and gave no response to the next question
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What did the learner do after the 315-volt shock?
Pounded on the wall but gave no further response
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What did the experimenter give when the teacher turned to him for guidance?
A standard instruction - 'absence of response should be treated as a wrong answer'
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What did the experimenter use if the teacher felt unsure about continuing?
A sequence of four standard 'prods' for example 'please continue;
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What was the results below 300 volts?
No participants stopped
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How many participants stopped at 300 volts?
5 - 12.5%
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What percentage continued to 450 volts?
65%
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What did Milgram also find?
Participants showed signs of extreme tension for example sweating
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What happened prior to the study?
Milgram asked 14 psychology students to predict the naïve participants behaviour
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What percentage did the psychology students estimate that no more would continue to 450 volts?
3% and so the findings were unexpected
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What happened after the study?
Participants were debriefed and assured that their behaviour was normal
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Card 2

Front

In what year did Milgram research obedience?

Back

1963

Card 3

Front

How many participants did Milgram recruit?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the participants think the name of the study was?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How old were participants?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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