Obedience: Milgram's Research

What initally inspired Milgram to study obedience?
Why the German population followed Hitler's orders in the persecution of 10 million Jews, Gypies and others in the Holocaust
1 of 20
What were the different roles involved in Milgram's study?
Milgram named the ppt. as the 'teacher', he used a confederate as both the 'experimenter' and the 'student' or 'learner'
2 of 20
Who did Milgram use in his study and how did he collect ppts?
40 male ppts. through newspaper adverts for a 'memory study'
3 of 20
Give a brief outline of Milgram's study:
Experimentor instructed teacher to administer electrical shocks to the student if they answered a question incorrectly. The shocks were demonstrated to the teacher, but thereafter they were all fake
4 of 20
What rights were the ppts. given?
Right to withdraw or leave at any time
5 of 20
What was the shock scale used?
15 (labelled slight shock)- 450 (labelled danger-severe shock)
6 of 20
What prods were used when the teacher turned to the experiementor for guidance?
1- 'Please continue' / 2- ' You are required to continue' / 3- 'It is absolutley essential that you continue' / 4- 'You have no choice. You must continue'
7 of 20
What were the findings of Milgram's study?
No ppt. stopped before 300v. 65% continue to 450v
8 of 20
What did the collected qualitative data show?
Signs of anxiety: sweating, trembling, stuttering, biting lips. Three ppts. even had full seizures
9 of 20
Were these findings expected?
No, 14 psychology students had predicted before that only 3% would continue to 450v
10 of 20
How were ppts. treated after the experiment?
They were debriefed and given a questionnaire
11 of 20
Why does Milgram's study have low internal validity?
Psychologists argue that ppts. guessed the shocks were faked therefore Milgram's study lacks interal validity
12 of 20
What did Sherian and King's repeat study with a puppy show?
Despite the fact that shocks were real, half of the male students and all female students delivered what they thought was a fatal shock
13 of 20
What evidence is there to support the idea that Milgram's research has good external validity?
Hofling's nurse study. 21 out of 22 nurses obeyed the doctor's unjustified demands
14 of 20
Give another replication study:
The Game of Death was a documentary about reality TV in France
15 of 20
What did the French replication study find?
80% of ppts. delivered the maximum (fake) shock to an apparently unconscious man. Their bahviour was similar to those ppts. in Milgram's study
16 of 20
Give an alternative explanation for obedience:
Social identity theory
17 of 20
What is Social identity theory?
It suggets that the key to obedience lies in group identification
18 of 20
How can the social identity theory be applied to Milgram's study?
Ppts. identified with the experimenter. Obedience levels fell as they identified more with the victim than the science of the study
19 of 20
What are the ethical issues in Milgram's study?
Ppts. were decieved as the roles of teacher and learner were fixed not random and shocks were fake
20 of 20

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were the different roles involved in Milgram's study?

Back

Milgram named the ppt. as the 'teacher', he used a confederate as both the 'experimenter' and the 'student' or 'learner'

Card 3

Front

Who did Milgram use in his study and how did he collect ppts?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give a brief outline of Milgram's study:

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What rights were the ppts. given?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Social Influence resources »