Nutrition

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Name the 7 components of a balanced diet
Proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre, water
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Why do we need protein in our diet?
Growth and repair of tissues
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Why do we need carbohydrates in our diet?
For energy. Sugar provides quick release energy and starch provides slow release energy
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Why do we need fats in our diet?
For the cell membrane to make cholestrol, fat soluble vitamin uptake and storage of energy
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Why do we need the mineral iron in our diet?
To make red blood cells
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What is the iron deficiency called?
Anemia
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What are the symptoms of anemia?
Tiredness,faint,pale skin
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Why do we need the mineral calcium?
For strong bones and teeth
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What is the deficiency of vitamin c called?
scurvy
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What is the deficiency of vitamin d called?
Rickets
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Why do we need fibre in our diet?
To keep the digestive system moving
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What is digestion?
The break down of large insoluble food molecules to small soluble food molecules which then can be digested
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Where are carbohydrates digested?
The mouth and small intestine
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Where are proteins digested?
The stomach and small intestine
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Where are fats digested?
In the small intestine
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What molecules help digestion?
Enzymes
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Where does absorption of food take place?
The small intestine
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What is the final breakdown product of protein?
Chains of amino acids
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What is the final breakdown product of carbohydrates?
Glucose/Maltase
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What is the final breakdown product of Fats?
Fatty acid and glycerol
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why do we need protein in our diet?

Back

Growth and repair of tissues

Card 3

Front

Why do we need carbohydrates in our diet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why do we need fats in our diet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why do we need the mineral iron in our diet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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