Nutrients and Minerals

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Carbohydrates
Main source of slow releasing energy
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Protein
Growth and Repair
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Fats
Needed for energy and insulation
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Fibre
Aids in digestion
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Vitamins and Minerals
Needed for growth, repair and maintaining health status
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Vitamin B
Needed for cell metabolism and reduction of fatigue. It is also used to create NAD for respiration
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Vitamin C
Needed for production of collagen which aids in maintenance of bones and tendons. It is important for blood vessels. It is needed for the absorption of iron
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Vitamin D
Needed to absorb calcium, it is essential for strong bones and teeth
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Vitamin E
Antioxidant to stop cell damage
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Where can you get Vitamin B from?
Oily fish and dairy products
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Where can you get Vitamin C from?
Citrus fruits (e.g oranges)
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Where can you get Vitamin D from?
Fish, liver, eggs and butter
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Where can you get Vitamin E from?
Fish, leafy greens and nuts
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What is associated with Vitamin C deficiency?
Tiredness, bleeding gums, scurvy and wounds that don't heal properly
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What is associated with Vitamin D deficiency?
A lack of calcium can lead to rickets and cause bones to soften and become fragile
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Iron
Needed to form haemoglobin in order to carry oxygen around the body
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Calcium
Needed to build and maintain healthy teeth and bones
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Sodium
Aids in blood pressure and volume, nerve conduction and muscle function (contraction and relaxation)
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Where can you get Iron from?
Red meat, beans, spinach and lentils
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Where can you get Calcium from?
Milk, yoghurt and cheese
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Where can you get Sodium from?
cheese, meat products, some cereals
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What is associated with Iron deficiency?
Anaemia (related to a lack of vitamin c deficiency)
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How can you test for Vitamin C in the body?
Use a CT scan to test density of bones
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How can you test for Sodium in the body?
Blood and urine tests can be obtained and compared
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How can you test for iron in the body?
Haemotocrit test- looks at size and quantity of red blood cells
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Protein

Back

Growth and Repair

Card 3

Front

Fats

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Fibre

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Vitamins and Minerals

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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