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  • Created by: Kelseyb
  • Created on: 18-05-16 13:04

1. '.. although not objectively or physically deprived, may feel that they are spiritually or emotionally deprived, despite their material wealth their surroundings may feel lonely and impersonal'.

  • Marginality hypothesis
  • Relative deprivation theory
  • Influence of powerful charismatic leaders
  • Dissatisfaction with beliefs of mainstream religions.
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2. World- rejecting NRMS

  • may focus on helping members to succeed in outside world
  • See movement as only source of salvation
  • More tolerant of other religions

3. Cults are-

  • based on a completely new interpretation of existing beliefs
  • Breakaway group from existing religion or denomination
  • Accept outside world completely

4. Stark and Bainbridge - offer products and services e.g. Scientology

  • Cult movement
  • Client cult
  • Audience cult
  • world accommodating

5. Example of an audience cult

  • Jehovah's witness
  • Astrology
  • Scientology


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